THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS - MILITARY ORDER OF CHRIST 1731
7970. MASSIVE AND UNIQUE EARLY PORTUGUESE BOOK FROM THE MILITARY RELIGIOUS ORDER OF CHRIST, SUCCESSOR TO THE KNIGHTS TEMPLARS, 1731-1735. This entirely handwritten book is the official archives of the Comenda of Pombal, Portugal under the jurisdiction of the Order Of Christ, the successor order to the Knights Templars which had also been centered in this area. The book is a massive handwritten document of around 100,000 words, written by the judge of the Comenda. Much of the text deals with court cases brought before the comenda and the resulting sentences.
On the spine:
Comenda Of The Comenda
Pombal at Pombal
A Comenda was a benefaction given by the King, which entailed jurisdiction over a certain area with responsibilities for its well being. The Comenda here had its jurisdictional center in the church of Sao Martinho (Saint Martin) in the village of Pombal, the modern town of Pombal in North central Portugal.
The Comenda de Pombal was associated with the Ordem de Cristo. This Order of Christ was a Military Order, like the Templars. In fact they were the perpetuation of the Templars. When the Templars were disbanded by the Pope the Portuguese king at the time managed to transfer their goods to this new Military Order he founded. The area around Pombal had a long association with the Templars and then the Order of Christ.
The title page reads:
DA COMMENDA DE SAO MARTI
NHO DA VILLA DE POMBALFEYTO
NO ANNO DE MILE SETECENTOS
TRINTA E TRIS A INSTANCIA
da Calheta Reposteiro mor (" reposteiro mor " Is an honorific title of the Count of Calheta. Literally it
means the one in honorific charge to open the doors and windows to the king.)
AFONSO DE VASCO
CELLOS ESOUZA COMMENDADOR
da mesma comenda de que soy Juiz
O DOUTOR ANTONIO VIEIRA DE FREITAS.
This translates as:
of the Commenda of Sao Martinho
of the village of Pombalfeyto
in the year of one thousand seven hundred
thirty and three by request
most excellent Count
Afonso de Vasco (this was Afonso de Vasconcelos e Sousa Cunha Camara Faro e Veiga, 5 Count of
Calheta, a town of the island of Madeira, born 17.1.1664, died Lisboa, S. Jos 2.2.1734)
Celios e Souza, director
of this same Comenda of which I am the judge
the Doctor (of law) Antonio Vieira de Freitas (the writer of this archive)
A massive and unique one of a kind early handwritten historical document from the Order of Christ, the famous military religious order and direct successor to The Knights Templars. Dimensions: 12 x 17 x 4 inches. Weight: 15 lbs. In generally excellent condition with tight binding and all text legible.
Provenance: A private American collection, acquired at Berman's Auction September, 2004.