ROMAN COINS
(The 4th & 5th centuries)


TETRARCHY DIOCLETIAN MAXIMIANUS AMANDUS
DOMITIUS DOMIT. CONSTANTIUS I THEODORA CHILD
GALERIUS GALERIA VALERIA SEVERUS II MAXIMINUS II
PERSECUTION MAXENTIUS ROMULUS DOM. ALEXANDER
LICINIUS CONSTANTIA LICINIUS JR. VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN CONSTANTINIANS CONSTANTINE I COMMEMORATIVE
FAUSTA HELENA CRISPUS DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS CONSTANTINE II CONSTANS CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS POEMENIUS DECENTIUS NEPOTIAN
VETRANIO CONST. GALLUS JULIAN II HELENA II
JOVIAN WANING VALENTINIAN I VALENS
GALATES PROCOPIUS GRATIAN VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I AEL. FLACILLA MAGNUS MAX. FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS WESTERN HONORIUS CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II MAXIMUS SPAIN PRISCUS ATTALUS JOVINUS
SEBASTIANUS CONSTANTIUS III BONIFATIUS JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III GALLA PLACIDIA LIC. EUDOXIA HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAX, AVITUS MAJORIAN SEVERUS III
RICIMER ALYPIA ANTHEMIUS EUPHEMIA
OLYBRIUS GLYCERIUS GUNDOBAD JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUG. ODOVACAR EASTERN ARCADIUS
AELIA EUDOXIA THEODOSIUS II EUDOCIA PULCHERIA
MARCIAN LEO I VERINA PATRICIUS
LEO II ZENO ARIADNE BASILISCUS
MARCUS ZENONIS ZENO & LEO LEONTIUS
ANASTASIUS I



THE TETRARCHY:


DIOCLETIAN, 284-305


MAXIMIANUS (aka MAXIMIAN HERCULIUS), 286-305 (first reign), 306-308 (second reign), 310 (usurpation in Massilia)

10237. MAXIMIANUS, 286-305. AE Antoninianus, Antioch mint, RIC V 371. His radiate bust right. Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM, soldier and emperor supporting Victory together. EF. Remains of silvering. From the Elliot-Kent Collection.

$150.



AMANDUS, c. 285-286


DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS, c. 296-297 (usurper in Egypt)

11155. DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS. Usurper, AD 297-298. Alexandria mint. BI Octodrachm (24mm, 11.49 g, 12h). Dated RY 2 (AD 297/8). Radiate head right / Serapis standing right, holding scepter and raising arm in salute; palm frond to left, LB (date) to right. Koln 3367; Dattari (Savio) 6187; K&G 126.2. Fine, rough brown surfaces. Provenance: Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Ex Durr (16 November 1998), lot 718.

The revolt of Domitius Domitianus in Egypt destabilized a vitally strategic region by interrupting the grain supply to Rome and opening the possibility of Persian (Sasanian) invasion. For almost a year, Domitius Domitianus controlled Alexandria and its mint, striking aurei and folles, as well as a series of pre-reform imperial Greek denominations.

$1650.



10823. DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS. Usurper, AD 297-298. AE Follis (25mm, 10.30 g, 12h). Alexandria mint, 2nd officina. Laureate head right / Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; at feet to left, eagle standing left, head right; B//ALE. RIC VI 20 var. (obv. legend, wreath in beak of eagle). Fine, black patina, several scratches and gouges, some red deposits. Rare.

The revolt of Domitius Domitianus in Egypt destabilized a vitally strategic region by interrupting the grain supply to Rome and opening the possibility of Persian (Sasanian) invasion. For almost a year, Domitius Domitianus controlled Alexandria and its mint, striking aurei and folles, as well as a series of pre-reform imperial Greek denominations.

$2250.



CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS, 293-306


THEODORA (Flavia Maximiana Theodora), second wife of Constantius I Chlorus


CHILD? OF THEODORA AND CONSTANTIUS I CHLORUS

10466. THEODORA. AE16, Constantinople mint. Her draped bust right, hair bound up in elaborate bun. Reverse: PIETAS - ROMANA, empress standing as Pietas with a child in her arms. CONST in exergue. RIC 56v, Cohen 4v. Near VF. An example with an especially elegant and interesting hair style. Scarce, and considerably better than photo.

$150.



GALERIUS, 293-311

8624. GALERIUS, 293-311. Follis, Siscia mint, RIC.135b Diademed head r./Moneta stg. l. with scales and cornucopia. AEF. The silvery green patina resulting from the incorporation of the nearly complete original silvering. Impressive in the hand.

$200.



GALERIA VALERIA, (daughter of Diocletian, wife of Galerius)

10303. GALERIA VALERIA, Augusta, AD 293(?)-311. AE Follis (23mm, 6.88 g, 6h). Alexandria mint, 3rd officina. Struck AD 308-310. Diademed and draped bust right / Venus standing facing, head left, holding up apple and raising drapery over shoulder; K-Γ/P//ALE. RIC VI 110. Good VF, dark brown patina with lighter green highlights.

$350.



SEVERUS II, 305-307

10328. SEVERUS II. Large module Follis. Laureate and draped bust right. Reverse: The genius of Rome. Choice EF example with full silvering. Rare this nice. Better than photo with full silvering.

$150.



MAXIMINUS II DAIA, 305-313


CHRISTIAN PERSECUTION ISSUES, 310-313


MAXENTIUS, 306-312


ROMULUS, (son of Maxentius)


DOMITIUS ALEXANDER, 308-311 (usurper in Carthage)


LICINIUS, 308-324

10490. LICINIUS I, AE23mm Follis (3.2g). 312-313 AD. IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, & cuirassed bust right / IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN, Jupiter, chlamys over shoulder, leaning on scepter, holding Victory on globe; eagle with wreath below left, dot TS dot A dot in ex. EF, nice portrait and excellent olive patina.

$150.



CONSTANTIA, (wife of Licinius, half-sister of Constantine)


LICINIUS JUNIOR, 317-324

10842. NICE QUALITY HELMETED LICINIUS II JR WITH SILVERING. AE20. WELL CENTERED, GOOD OBV AND RV. LICINIUS II, Caesar, AD 317 - 324. AE20 mm. 20mm, 3.21 g. EF with silvering. Obverse: D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted cuirassed bust left holding spear & shield. Reverse: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, between eagle & captive, holding Victory on globe & scepter, X/IIΓ (=12.5 denarii) to right.

$150.



VALERIUS VALENS (Aurelius Valerius Valens), briefly co-Augustus with Licinius, 314


MARTINIAN, briefly co-Augustus with Licinius, 324



THE CONSTANTINIAN DYNASTY:
CONSTANTINE I, THE GREAT, 306-337

10422. CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, Constantine I, 306-337 AD. AE19. Ornately helmeted bust right. Reverse: Globe on altar inscribed VOTIS XX, BEATA TRANQVILITLITVS, PYR(pellet) in exergue. Sear 3771v. EF. Nice type bust.

$150.



10457. CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, Constantine I, 306-337 AD. AE19. Fine style laureate head right with wonderful curly hair. Reverse: Camp gate, SMANTS in exergue. EF with great style and detail.

$150.



ANONYMOUS ISSUES COMMEMORATING CONSTANTINOPLE & ROME, C. 330-346

7700. RARE CONSTANTINOPOLIS COMMEMORATIVE THIRD SILIQUA, Struck under Constantine I, circa 330 or later. AR Third Siliqua. Constantinople mint. Helmeted and draped bust of Constantinopolis right / Large K within beaded border. J. P. C. Kent, "Urbs Roma and Constantinopolis Medallions at the mint of Rome," in Essays Presented to Sutherland: Scripta Nummaria Romana, pl. 13, 28.? AR . Helmeted and cuirassed bust r./Large K. VF. Very rare. Considerably better than photo.

S. Bendall offers a tentative typology and chronology for the confusing and little studied late Roman anonymous silver fractions. He accepts the generally agreed conclusion that the earliest, finest style issues were struck for the occasion of the formal dedication of the new capital of Constantinople on 11 May 330. At this time the first Roma head series was struck, as well as the female bust types that probably represent one or more of the prominent women associated with the family of Constantine. Bendall further analyses stylistic variations and reported hoard finds, and suggests that further issues in the series appeared on the anniversary dates of the founding, in 430 and 530 AD, and in addition that variations continued to be struck for other events during the reign of Justinian I, all celebrating his re-conquest of Italy.

$450.



FAUSTA, (daughter of Maximinanus, wife of Constantine I)


HELENA, (mother of Constantine I, first wife of Constantius I)


CRISPUS, 316-326, (son of Constantine I)


DELMATIUS, 335-337

10246. DELMATIUS, 335-337, AE16. Obverse: Laureate bust right. Reverse: legionary soldiers and standard. VF. Minute flan crack difficult to see in the hand. Scarcer emperor.

$250.



10843. DELMATIUS, 335-337, AE17, 2.63 g. Obverse: Laureate bust right. Reverse: legionary soldiers and 2 standards. EF. Extra sharp reverse. Scarcer emperor.

$250.



10329. DELMATIUS, 335-337, AE17. Obverse: Laureate bust right. Reverse: legionary soldiers and standard. VF with choice glossy black green patina.

$250.



HANNIBALLIANUS, 335-337, (King of Pontica, nephew of Constantine I)

10439. HANNIBALLIANUS, 335-337. Rex Regum, AD 335-337. AE (15mm, 1.34 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 6th officina. Struck AD 336-337. Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Euphrates reclining right, leaning upon scepter; reed behind, urn below from which water flows; CONSc. RIC VII 147; LRBC 1034. VF, black patina under earthen deposits. Scarce.

Hanniballianus, the nephew of Constantine, was given the title of King of Armenia, Pontus, and Cappadocia rather that the normal office of Caesar. He was murdered in the power struggle that ensued after the death of Constantine in 337.

$350.



CONSTANTINE II, 316-340


CONSTANS, 333-350


CONSTANTIUS II, 337-361

10205. CONSTANTIUS II, 337-361 AD. AR Siliqua (16mm, 2.31 g, 6h). Arelate (Arles) mint, 1st officina. Struck AD 353-355. Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOTIS/ XXX/ MVLTIS/ XXX in four lines within laurel wreath; PCON. RIC VIII 207; RSC 342-3c. Lightly toned. Ex. Collection RW. Especially sharp high profile reverse with nice near EF portrait.

$450.



10467. CONSTANTIUS II, 337-361 AD. AE18. Obverse: Diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: Two soldiers holding legionary standards. TR.P in exergue. Choice EF. Ex. Collection JA.

$150.



MAGNENTIUS, 350-353


POEMENIUS?, 352, (rebel in Trier)


DECENTIUS, 351-353, (brother of Magnentius)


NEPOTIAN, c. 350, (rebel against Magnentius)


VETRANIO, 350


CONSTANTIUS GALLUS, 351-354


JULIAN II (The Apostate), 355-363

10198. JULIAN II, AD 355-363. AE1, Heraclea mint, AE 27mm (8.1g). D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, Pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / SECVRITAS REIPVB, Bull standing right, above two stars. dot HERACL dot A. RIC VIII Heraclea 103. Near EF. A superior example with great detail in the bull's face which is quite rare. Julian the Apostate or Julian the Philosopher advocated a return to the pre-Christian pagan gods of the Roman empire.

$450.



HELENA II, 360, wife of Julian II, daughter of Constantine I and Fausta.


JOVIAN, 363-364

10210. JOVIAN AE1, 363-364 AD, AE 1, Thessalonica mint, 8.16 g., 27mm. RIC-238 (Rare), new officina. Rx: VICTORIA ROMANORVM Emperor standing l., head r., holding labarum and Victory on globe. Beautiful glossy olive patina which is the exception with these which often have poor patinas. Near EF. Ex. Harlan Berk.

$300.



10370. JOVIAN AE1, 363-364 AD, AE 1, Thessalonica mint, 7.62 g., 27mm. RIC-238 (Rare), new officina. Rx: VICTORIA ROMANORVM / .TESG. Emperor standing l., head r., holding labarum and Victory on globe. Near EF. Ex. Gorny.

$450.




THE WANING OF THE EMPIRE:


VALENTINIAN I, 364-375


VALENS, 364-378, (brother of Valentian I)

10269. VALENS, 364-378. AE3, Siscia mint, 364-367 AD. Obverse: DN VALEN-S PF AVG; pearl-diadem, draped, cuirassed bust. Reverse: GLORIA RO-MANORVM; emperor dragging captive with right hand holding labarum in left. Dot gamma SIS in ex. 2.22g / 18mm. EF.

$150.



VALENTINIAN GALATES, 369, Consul Prior, only son of Valens

PROCOPIUS, 365-366, (usurper in the East)


GRATIAN, 367-383, (son of Valentinian I by Severa)


VALENTINIAN II, 375-392, (son of Valentinian I by Justina)


THEODOSIUS I, 379-395


AELIA FLACILLA, (wife of Theodosius I)


MAGNUS MAXIMUS, 383-388, (usurper in the West)

10725. MAGNUS MAXIMUS, AD 383-388, AE2, Arles mint. Nice green patina. 4.03 g. DN MAG MAXI-MVS PF AVG; Dr., cuir. and pearl-diademed bust right. REPARATIO REIPVB; PCON. in emerge; Emperor, stg. facing, head l., with r. hand raising kneeling turreted female, and holding Victory on globe in l. RIC 26a/2; 3.91g; 24mm; VF. Better than photo in the hand.

$250.



FLAVIUS VICTOR, 387-388, (son of Magnus Maximus)


EUGENIUS, 392-394, (usurper in the West)


THE WESTERN PUPPET EMPERORS:


HONORIUS, 394-423, (son of Theodosius I, brother of Arcadius)


CONSTANTINE III, c. 407-411, (usurper in Gaul and Britain)


CONSTANS II, 408-411, (son of Constantine III)


MAXIMUS, 409-411, (usurper in Spain)

EXTREMELY RARE USURPER

11336. MAXIMUS OF SPAIN, 409-411, Barcelona mint. Siliqua. Obverse: Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem right. Reverse: VICTOR A AAVGGG, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe in right hand and inverted spear in left; [SMBA]. RIC X 1601; King p. 291; RSC 1b. 0.82g. RRR. F. According to Philip Grierson (DOCLR, p. 219), there are only about twenty known coins of Maximus.

The fortune of Rome shifted incalculably downward on New Years Eve, 406, when the Rhine froze and several barbarian nations, including Vandals, Alans and Suebi crossed into Roman territory. It could not have happened at a more critical moment, for Honorius was fully occupied with the Visigothic king Alaric (who, in 410, would sack Rome). What followed in 407 and beyond was a mass devastation of the Western provinces: Germany and Gaul bore the brunt of the invasion, and Picts invaded Britain. Initially, Spain was spared these horrors due to its southerly position, but in 409 Vandals and other barbarians forced their way through the pass of the Pyrenees and laid waste to that land too. There was no government in Spain to speak of, and Honorius could not help; this left only the ephemeral presence of Constans II and his British prefect Gerontius. They had arrived in 408 to oppose the pro-Honorius militias that had been raised from the estates of Honorius relatives. Thus, even under these dire circumstances, Romans with competing loyalties still found reasons to clash with each other. Constans II and Gerontius overcame the local militias but failed to bring northern Spain into their ‘empire for long. Vandals and Germans soon poured from Gaul and into Spain. It is difficult to know whether Gerontius betrayed Constans II by coming to a secret arrangement with the invaders, but before matters got too far out of hand Constans II returned to Gaul. Meanwhile, Gerontius and the people of Spain were left to their own fate. As Salvianus of Marsielle reports in his De gubernatione Dei (52): "The Spaniards now began to burn in the same flames in which the Gauls had burned." Spain was looted by the invaders and a famine caused many who took refuge in walled cities to resort to cannibalism. The blame fell upon Gerontius, who then made a pact with the invading Vandals in which he hailed Maximus the emperor of Spain; he may have been Gerontius son, but more likely he was his senior household officer (domesticus). Nothing of substance is known of his reign except that it lasted until 411, by which time Honorius was in a position to recover the western provinces. In short order the rebels Constantine III and Constans II were killed and Gerontius was forced to commit suicide when his troops defected to Honorius general Constantius III. Maximus had apparently been in Gaul with Gerontius just before his suicide. The two-year reign of Maximus ended when he returned to Spain in 411 to seek asylum with his barbarian allies. He likely survived until about 418, but if he is the same Maximus tryannus who rebelled in Spain in about 420, we would have to extend his lifespan to 422, for that rebel was executed in the year of Honorius tricennalia. Commentary courtesy of NAC.

$3750.



PRISCUS ATTALUS, 409-410, 414-415


JOVINUS, c. 411-413


SEBASTIANUS, c. 412-413, (brother of Jovinus)


CONSTANTIUS III, 421


BONIFATIUS (Bonifacius), 422-431, (semi-independent in Africa)


JOHANNES, 423-425


VALENTINIAN III, 425-455, (son of Constantius III and Galla Placidia)

APPARENTLY UNPUBLISHED

10307. VALENTINIAN III, AD 425-455. AE (11mm, 0.96 g, 3h). Rome mint. Struck AD 425-circa 435. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Legend in two lines within wreath; [...]OS. Cf. RIC X 2141 (without mm); LRBC -. Near VF, dark green patina. Rare and apparently unpublished.

A perhaps unique variant of a very rare type. RIC (p. 379) lists the general type from Rome but without a mintmark whereas this example has the Rome mintmark.

$450.



GALLA PLACIDIA, (mother of Valentinian III, half-sister of Honorius & Arcadius)


LICINIA EUDOXIA, (wife of Valentinian III, then Petronius Maximus)


HONORIA, (sister of Valentinian III)


PETRONIUS MAXIMUS, 455, (usurper in Rome)


AVITUS, 455-456


MAJORIAN, 457-461


LIBIUS SEVERUS (Severus III), 461-465


RICIMER, 457-472, Patrician and master of soldiers


ALYPIA, Augusta?, 467?-472?, wife of Ricimer. (Currently only a single coin depicting Alypia is known to exist, that being a solidus of her mother Euphemia with figures of Euphemia and Alypia on the reverse.)


ANTHEMIUS, 467-472


EUPHEMIA, (daughter of Marcian, wife of Anthemius)


OLYBRIUS, 472


GLYCERIUS, 473-474


GUNDOBAD, 472-474, nephew of Ricimer, master of soldiers


JULIUS NEPOS, 474-475


ROMULUS AUGUSTUS, 475-476


ODOVACAR (Flavius Odoacer, Flavius Odovacar), 476-493

11490. ODOVACAR, Ostrogoths in Italy. Odoacer King (476-493). AE 8mm, 0.83 g. in the name of Zeno. Roma mint (?). Obv. [DN ZENO PP AVG]. Diademed and cuirassed bust right. Rev. Monogram of Odovacar within wreath. Cf. Morello 21/2 var. (S monogram reversed). Extremely rare. RRR. F/VF.

The reign of Flavius Odovacar as king of Italy is seen as marking the end of the Western Roman empire. A Germanic general he led the revolt that deposed Romulus Augustus the last Western Roman emperor on 4 September AD 476. Though the true ruler he at first represented himself as ruling in the name of Julius Nepos. However in 480 Nepos was murdered and thenceforth Odoacer, with the backing of the Roman Senate, ruled Italy autonomously as the first king of Italy.

$1450.




THE EASTERN EMPERORS:


ARCADIUS, 383-408 (son of Theodosius I, brother of Honorius)


AELIA EUDOXIA, (daughter of Flavius Bauto, wife of Arcadius)

10521. AELIA EUDOXIA, Bronze AE4 15 mm. Antioch mint: 401-403 A.D. Reference: (Antioch) RIC 104 (X, Arcadius), LRBC 2800. Obverse: AEL EVDOXIA AVG; Diademed, draped bust right, being crowned by hand of God. Reverse: SALVS REIPVLICAE; Victory seated right, holding shield with Chi-Rho inside on column. Exergue: ANT. Better than usual example with nice centering, large flan, and all the obverse legend clear. Comes with COA.

$250.



THEODOSIUS II, 402-450, (son of Arcadius)


AELIA EUDOCIA, (wife of Theodosius II)


PULCHERIA, (daughter of Arcadius & Eudoxia, sister and regent for Theodosius II, wife of Marcian)

10487. AELIA PULCHERIA. Augusta, AD 414-453. AV Tremissis (14mm, 1.45 g, 6h). Constantinople mint. Struck circa AD 430-440. Pearl-diademed and draped bust right / Cross within wreath (long wreath ties); CONOB*. RIC X 334; Depeyrot 72/4. VF. Very rare.

$2850.



MARCIAN, 450-457

9337. MARCIAN. Gold Solidus. 20mm, 4.34g. /Victory stg. l. with long cross. EF.

$2250.



LEO I, 457-474


AELIA VERINA, (wife of Leo I)

10829. AELIA VERINA. Augusta, AD 457-484. AE (20mm, 4.10 g). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Pearl-diademed and draped bust right / Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield; CONE. RIC X 656; LRBC 2253. Good VF portrait, grayish-green patina. Encrustation one side of reverse but a truly outstanding portrait for Verina. Rare.

$1450.



PATRICIUS, 470-471, caesar under Leo I


LEO II, 473-474, (son of Zeno, grandson of Leo I)

11450. LEO II, and Zeno, AV Tremissis, RIC 807 R3. CONOB = Constantinople mint. DN LEO ET ZENO PP AVG. Diademed bust of Leo II right. Rs. Victory with wreath and globus cruciger, 1.48 g. RIC 807 R3. GOLD, Very rare, kl Graffiti in right field. Very fine.

When Leo I named his grandson Leo II as emperor, the boy's grandmother, Aelia Verina, arranged that her son-in-law Zeno was appointed co-emperor with his son. Leo II sickened in the same year thus legitimately installing Zeno as emperor. Leo II (Latin: Flavius Leo Iunior Augustus, Leo II; (b. 467 - d. 17 November 474) was Byzantine Emperor for less than a year in 474. He was the son of Zeno and Ariadne, and maternal grandson of Leo I and Verina. As Leo's closest male relative, he was named successor upon his grandfather's death. After taking his father as colleague, he died of an unknown disease about 10 months into his reign in November, 474. It was widely rumored that he might have been poisoned by his mother Ariadne in order to bring her husband Zeno to the throne. He was indeed succeeded by his father, although his grandmother Verina took advantage of his death to conspire against Zeno.

$2750.



ZENO, 474-491, (father of Leo II)

10441. ZENO, Second reign, AD 476-491. AV Solidus (20mm, 4.49 g, 6h). Constantinople mint, 7th officina. Pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Victory standing slightly left, holding long cross; star to right; Z//CONOB. RIC X 910; Depeyrot 108/1. VF, traces of an undertype or double strike.

$1250.



10309. ZENO, Second reign, AD 476-491. AV Tremissis (13mm, 1.46 g, 7h). Constantinople mint. Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath and globus crucifer; star in right field; CONOB. RIC X 914; Depeyrot 108/4. Near VF, slightly wavy flan.

$650.



ARIADNE, (wife of Zeno)


BASILISCUS, 474-475, (usurper in Constantinople)


MARCUS, 475-476, (caesar and junior Augustus under Basiliscus)


AELIA ZENONIS, (wife of Basiliscus)

10831. AELIA ZENONIS. Augusta, AD 475-476. AE (9mm, 0.63 g). Constantinople mint. Struck under Basiliscus, AD 476. Diademed and draped bust right / Zenonis monogram. RIC X 1017; LRBC 2287. Near Fine, brown patina, broken and repaired. Rare.

$1450.



ZENO AND LEO, 476?, caesars, (sons of Basiliscus?)


LEONTIUS, 484-488, (usurper in Taurus and Isuaria)


ANASTASIUS I, 491-518