* * *

5946. A ROMAN BRONZE BIRD, ca. 1st-3rd century AD. 1.25 x 1.5 inches. With engraved detail.

5947. A ROMAN BRONZE HANDLE MOUNT, ca. 1st-3rd century AD. With a facing head. 2.25 inches.

5948. A FINE ROMAN BRONZE HEAD OF A NUBIAN, ca. 1st-3rd century AD. Finely modeled head with kinky hair, two tenons at base for attachment. Exceptional and highly sought after type. 1 x 1.25 inches. Excellent detail and patina both sides. A choice small example of a very desirable and rare theme in Roman art.

5949. A ROMAN BRONZE OIL LAMP FILLER, ca. 1st-3rd century AD. 3 inches.

5950. A ROMAN BRONZE APPLICAE OR PENDANT, ca. 1st-3rd century AD. The banana form pendant with end knobs. 1.2 x 1.25 inches. Unusual.

5951. A ROMAN BRONZE HANDLE, ca. 1st-3rd century AD. The terminus in the form of a bird with detail on both sides. 1.7 inches. Nice.

5952. A ROMAN BRONZE MORTAR AND PESTLE, ca. 1st-3rd century AD. The mortar rim with engraved markings, small cut to edge. Used for cosmetics or medicines, great gift for a doctor or pharmacist! Pestle is 2.5 inches. Complete matching set and quite rare thus.

5953. A LATE ROMAN BRONZE BROOCH, c. 3rd-5th century. In the form of a horse. 1.25 inches.

5954. A LATE ROMAN BRONZE BROOCH, c. 3rd-5th century. In the form of a four lobed circle with interior crescents. 1.3 inches.

5955. A FINE ROMAN OIL LAMP LID, c. 2nd-3rd century. Finely styled and detailed bronze lid for a lamp. 1.3 x 1.7 inches. Very rare and fine condition.

5914. A VERY RARE ROMAN KIT OF MEDICINAL INSTRUMENTS, consisting of two spoons in diffrent shape and one probe. What is very rare for this group is the belonging box made of bronze.The instruments measures 17,5, 17,1 and 16,1 cm. The box is 20 cm long and 1,9 cm in diameter. The part wich is shown on the left side of the picture can be removed to open the box. That the instruments and the box are belonging together is been proved by the nearly identical patina inside the box and of the instruments. Only a few of this boxes of roman doctors were found in the roman empire: Some in Pompeji, Morlungo/Upper-Italy, Paphos/Cyprus and Maaseik/Belgium. A very rare and important group of the roman medicinal history.

5915. A ROMAN MEDICINAL PROBE, bronze. This probe is of exceptional lenght of 29 cm ! Nice green patina, fully intact. Rare! Dates about 2nd century AC.

5916. A LARGE FRAGMENT OF A ROMAN BRONZE MILITARY DIPLOMA. Reign of Hadrian, 117-138 AD. The bronze fragment with incised Latin inscriptions on both sides reading on side A: [IMP CAES]AR DIVI TRAIANI PARTHICI [FILIVS DIVI NER] [VAE N]EPOS TRAIANVS HADRIANVS [AVGVST] [PONTI]F MAXIMVS TRIBVNIC P[OTESTATE]..... [CON] III [IIS QUI MILI]TAVERVNT IN CLASSE PRA[ETORIA].. [MISENENSI] QUAE EST SVB L IVLIO FRON[TONE].. [SEX ET VIGIN]TI STIPENDIS EMERITIS [DIMISSIS].. [HONESTA MI]SSIONE QVORM N[OMINA SVBSCRIPTA].. [SVNT] IPSIS LIBERI[S]... and ...[CL]ASSE PRAETORIA ...[SV]B L IVLIO FRON ...[STIPEN]DIS EMERITIS on side B. Because of the intact officers name and the existing simliar diploma the fragment can be dated to the year 129 AD. Also fully readable is the name of the emperor Hadrian (Traianus Hadrianus). The troup to wich this diploma was issued can be clearly identified by CLASSE PRAETORIA, wich was the naval fleet stationed in Misenum. The name of the commanding officer is Iulius Fronto (see references) Such military diplomas were presented to legionary soldiers upon termination of service and normally list the emperor and his titles (wich are mostly complete here), various grants given to the soldier which may include citizenship to auxiliaries, the right to marry, title to land etc. These diplomas are rarely found intact as they normally were broken up and the pieces distributed among the ex-soldier's sons upon his death. 7.3 x 6.9 cm. References: Similar texts (same troup and commanding officer) can be found in the CIL Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, Berlin, 1936, Nos. CIL16, 00066 and CIL16, 00074 wich can be checked online at: "The Equestrian Officials of Trajan and Hadrian: their careers, with some notes on Hadrian's Reforms" , by Raymond H. Lacey (Princeton U.P., 1917), find (p. 22) two diplomas credited to this man: "Iulius Fronto was prefect of the praetorian fleet stationed at Misenum in 129. If the name has been correctly restored by Tocilesco in the first diploma above, he was in the same office in 119. The name is not at all certain since only the letters ..'one' remain" Rare and very collectible especially with this much remaining and translateable text and the proved connection to this special naval fleet and the commanding officer!

5917. A FINE TERRACOTTA BUST of a godess. Cologne, 1st century AC. In 38 BC Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa moved the roman-friendly people of the Ubier from the right side of the river Rhine to the left side and founded there the "Oppidum Ubiorum". In 50 AC „Agrippina the Younger", who was born in the Oppidum Ubiorum in 15 AC, forced her husband, the emperor Claudius, that he claimed the „oppidum" into a regular roman city ( Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium CCAA). But in the whole history of ancient Cologne the Ubier played a major role in the daily life.. Their artistic style had a big influence to many objects of arts and craft. This Terracotta shows the bust of a goodess with the typycal hairdress of a „Ubier" noble woman with an expressive style. High: 19 cm, restored by the „Roemisch-Germanisches Museum" Cologne. A unique museum artifact of great historical importance.

5918. A RARE ROMAN PRECISION SCALE, complete with sliding weight and the pan of the scale on the belonging chain. The chain with inscrustions, but intact. In this excellent condition and completeness a very rare precision scale of the early 1st century AC. Found in Trier. A wonderful display piece on a customs stand. Lenght: 32.5 cm.

5919. A ROMAN STONE HEAD, showing a „Juggler". This is a typical Cologne work of the 2nd century wich shows the Juggler in a grotesque way. Similar pieces can be found in the „Roemisch-Germanisches Museum" in Cologne. Rare. Nice and interesting work. Height: 8 cm.

5920. A ROMAN Fibula, silver, with nice shaped body. Large and heavy example, needle is missing. Lenght: Lenght: 4.5 cm,

5921. A ROMAN SILVER PHALLIC AMULETT, a very realistic work, complete with the hanging loop. Black silver patina. Trier, 3rd century. Lenght: 3.5 cm,

5922. A ROMAN BRONZE FIBULA, rare type. Round body with a bridge. Nice ornamented. Complete with needle. 5 cm in lenght, 4.5 cm in diameter. Small repairment at ground plate (ancient). 2nd century AD, Cologne.

5923. A ROMAN BRONZE APPLICAE, showing Jupiter, detailed work with nice green patina. Intact. High: 4.5 cm,

5924. A ROMAN ENAMEL FIBULA, 2nd century AD. Nice shaped body with a pin in the middle. Fields of enamel in white, green, blue and orange color. Without needle, mostly all enamel intact. Lenght: High: 4.3 cm,

5925. A ROMAN BRONZE PHALLIC AMULETT, a realistic work, complete with the hanging loop. Nice green patina. About 3rd century. Lenght: 2.4 cm,

5926. ROMAN ANTEFIX TILE, showing a Medusas head. Red clay with a good and attractive style. Damage at right chin. 2nd century AD. Rare. High:15 cm.

5927. BRONZE BALSAMARIUM, standing of four legs, The shape is typical for a roman balsamarium, but the legs and the dots are uncommon. Found on the upper Rhine near of Xanten. Interesting object. High: 10 cm.

5928. ROMAN FIBULA, showing a dog hunting a rabbit, 2nd century, Trier. Needle is missing. Rare type. Lenght: 3,9 cm,

5929. ROMAN FIBULA, showing a horse. 2nd century, Cologne. Needle is restored. Rare type. Length: 4,2 cm,

5930. ROMAN FIBULA, showing a rabbit. 2nd century, complete and intact. Lenght: 2,5 cm,

5931. A ROMAN TERRACOTTA HORSE, on a customs stand. Galloping horse, made of red clay. The back legs are broken (ancient damage). Lenght: 14 cm,

5932. ROMAN DISH, white clay with orange painting. Very rare type of the 1st century. Diameter: 17,5 cm, intact in a extremly good shape. Manufactured in Cologne, shown by the type of clay used (bright-white and good form).

5933. A ROMAN HOUSE ALTAR, made of white sand stone. Nice work with four feets and four steps. 1st century. High: 11 cm, intact and very rare. Found at the inner center of Cologne in 1956.

5934. A RARE ROMAN CANDLE HOLDER, made of stone. Candle holders are much rarer than the common used oil-lamps, especially when made in such a way from massive stone. Found in Cologne, about 1st century AD. High is 10 cm.

5935. A ROMAN LEGIONARY TILE, 15th Legion. There had exist two Legions with the Number 15: The Appollinaris and the Primigenia. The Primigenia was founded by Claudius before his expedition to Britain in 43 AD. The Legion was stationed in Vetera near Xanten. This camp was used at the same time by the 5th Legion. The Legio 15 Primigenia was destroyed in the camapign against the Batavians in the year 70 AC. This tile was found in Xanten. Very rare legion, one corner broken, bold stamp. 19 cm x 19 cm.

5936. A ROMAN BRONZE KEY in a very nice shape. Complete, green patina. 3rd century. 5.8 cm.

5937. A ROMAN HAIR PIN, made of bone. The pin is topped by a bust of Minerva with the typical helmet. Rare type of hair pin. 6.5 cm hight, Trier, 2nd century AD.

5938. A ROMAN TERRA SIGILLATA BEAKER, bulbous body on small foot. Complete and intact. Only a small chip at rim. 7.5 cm high, 8 cm diameter. Rare.

5939. A ROMAN STYLUS for writing into wax. One side is flat to smoothen the wax when deleting the incriptions. Nice ornamented stylus with a nice patina. About 2nd century AC. Length: 12.5 cm.

5940. A ROMAN LEGIONARY TILE, 1st Legion. This is a fragment of a legionary tile of the 1st Legion stationed in Bonn (Bonna), 30 km south of Cologne. The Legio 1 was founded by Domitian in 81 AC. In 89 the Legion was honoured by Domitian with the name „PIA FIDELIS". This stamp reads LEG I M PF (Legio I Minerva Pia Fidelis) and dates into the 2nd century AB. The stamp is much more clearer than the photo shows. 13 cm x 11 cm.

5941. A ROMAN LEGIONARY TILE, 22th Legion. This is a rare roof tile type manufactured by the 22th Legion, stationed in Mainz. This legion was founded by Caligula in the year 39 AC. In 68 a part of this Legion marched with Vitellius to Rome. After the death of Vitellius the Legion was moved under Vespasian to Pannonia. After the capaign against the bataver in 70 AC the Legio was moved to Vetera near Xanten. In 89 the Legion was involved in the battle against Saturnius in Mainz and finally staioned there. Like the 1st Legion the 22th got the honour name PIA FIDELIS in 89 AC. This stamp reads LEG XXII at the lower line and PR PF FE (LEG XXII PRIMIGENIA PIA FIDELIS FECIT). Nearly complete tile (only a small piece missing at upper left). Very rare stamp in two lines on a very rare tile type. 47 cm x 20 cm.

5942. A ROMAN BRONZE KEY of the early 1st century AC. Nice shape with a „mouse head". Large and heavy example. 7 cm in lenght.

5943. A ROMAN BRONZE STATUE on a plate, showing a young man in interesting dress . One hand and one arm missing. Wonderful bright-green patina. 10 cm high, 11 cm long. Probably part of a wagon. 2nd century AC.

5944. A ROMAN BRONZE LEG of a bronze vessel or oven in shape of a lion standing on one foot. Detailed work, dark patina. 13 cm high, 1st century AC.

5945. ROMAN GLASS BOTTLE, made of clear glass. The body is ornamented by surrounding waves. Nicely worked out lips. The bottle has a crack, but is stable and not repaired. 3rd century AC. High: 14,7 cm.

5956. ROMAN GLASS RING, II ? c. A.D. Plain round cross section amber colored glass hoop. Flattened oval bezel, with circular piece of green glass with yellow border. 23 x 23 mm. For similar type see "Catalogue of the finger rings, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman, in the Departments of Antiquities, British Museum" by F. H. Marshall, 1968, cat. # 1578.

5957. ROMAN CARNELIAN AND BRONZE RING, II-III c. A.D. Oval hoop of a thin band, with triangular cross section, widening towards the shoulders. Slightly profiled ellipsoid shield with high flat carnelian engraved with standing deity in profile, holding a branch in front. Most of the hoop is missing. 5 x 7 mm for intaglio. For the same type rings see " Roman jewelry. A Collection of National Archaeological Museum-Sofia " by L. Ruseva-Prokoska, 1991, cat. # 276.

5958. ROMAN GLASS INTAGLIO, I c. B.C.-I c. A.D. The flat oval clear light yellow glass depicting standing figure of Fortuna. Wearing chiton, holding cornucopia in her left hand and ears of wheat in right hand, ship's rudder by her right leg. 8 x 5 mm.

5959. ROMAN BRONZE PENDANT, I century A.D. Cast bronze nude male figure. Incized lines to accent eyes, hear and male attributes. Suspension loop in vertical plane at the back. 27 mm. For similar pendant see: " Ancient Beads of North Black Sea Area", Alexeyva, Table 41 # 4; "Art Treasures of Ancient Kuban, Catalogue of Exhibition", pg. 129.

5960. ROMAN BRONZE PENDANT, I- III cent. A.D. Cast the in the form of male genitalia, naturalistically rendered. 27 mm.

5961. ROMAN CARNELIAN AND SILVER RING, II c. A.D. Ellipsoid hoop of a thin band, with oval cross section, widening towards the shoulders. Ellipsoid shield-bezel with flat carnelian engraved with nude male figure holding thyrsos in his left hand. 20 x 23 mm, 7 x 9 mm for intaglio. For the same type rings see "Catalogue of the finger rings, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman, in the Departments of Antiquities, British Museum" by F. H. Marshall, 1968, cat. # 1310; " Roman jewelry. A Collection of National Archaeological Museum-Sofia " by L. Ruseva-Prokoska, 1991, cat. # 271.

5962. ROMAN GLASS INTAGLIO, I c. A.D. The flat oval clear light blue-green glass depicting crouching nude bearded figure, holding lekythos in his left hand. 6 x 7 mm.