RARE CURSIVE PALMYRENE INSCRIPTIONS TRANSLATED BY ANDRE LEMAIRE |
11465. PALMYRENE MARBLE COMMEMORATIVE STELE WITH TWO HIGH RELIEF MALE HEADS WITH INSCRIPTIONS. 2nd-3rd century AD. 11 h x 18 w X 5.5 d inches. Likely a memorial for two brothers. The heads reattached. Provenance: Property of a New Jersey collector.
This stele has now been translated and published by Andre Lemaire, world famous epigrapher and expert in ancient languages. Dr. Lemaire is the expert who originally translated the "James, brother of Jesus" ostracon. Here is Dr. Lemaire's commentary:
INSCRIBED PALMYRENE HIGH RELIEF WITH TWO BUSTS
This limestone (marble?) high relief measuring 11 h x 18 w x 5.5 d inches presents two busts of men in high relief. The heads are reattached. A vertical inscription on the right of each head identifies the personnages.
Although the relief is slightly broken on the right side, the right hand inscription seems to be complete: it reads: SLM YD'"Image/Statue of Yad/ra'"
Palaeographically the before last letter could be read R as well as D but the name YD' is already well attested, at least 6 times, in Palmyrene inscriptions. It is probably a hypocoristicon of YD' (meaning that the deity "has known") with the ending -' .
The left hand inscription contains two lines: 1. SLM KLBY
2. BR HYRN
1. "Image/statue of Kalby
2. son of Hairan"
In the first line, the first letter of the name could be confused with a P. KLBY, hypocoristicon of "dog" with the ending -Y is already attested at least twice in Palmyrene inscriptions while HYRN, "good, excellent" with the ending -an, is very frequent.
The shape of the letters is not the classical shape of the monumental inscriptions from Palmyra but the so-called "cursive Palmyrene script" . The plalaeographical dating of this "cursive palmyrene script" can only be very approximate. : 2nd-3rd century AD.
This kind of high relief was probably funerary.
J. K. Stark, Personal Names in Palmyrene Inscriptions, Oxford, 1971, p. 24 ; PAT no. 0286 (= C 3940), 0296 (= C 3950), 0300 (= C 3854), 0371 (= C 4025), 0560 (= C 4204), 1442 (= Inv 11 13).
J. K. Stark, Personal Names _, p. 90.
J. K. Stark, Personal Names in Palmyrene Inscriptions, Oxford, 1971, p. 29, 92 ; PAT no. 0888 (= C 4527), 0916 (= C 4552).
J. Stark, Personal Names _, pp. 21-22, 88 ; PAT, p. : no. 0002, 0023, 0299, 2801_
J. Cantineau, Grammaire du palmyrenien epigraphique, Le Caire, 1935, pp. 31-36.
Right side. Left side.
On Sale at: $9500.