COINS OF THE ROMAN EMPERORS (3rd century)

Includes Coins Not Currently For Sale




SHOW FOR SALE ONLY
SEALS SEVERANS SEVERUS DOMNA CARACALLA PLAUTILLA DAUGHTER
GETA MACRINUS DIADUMENIAN ELAGABALUS PAULA AQUILIA ANNIA FAUST
SOAEMIAS CHILD MAESA ALEXANDER ORBIANA MAMAEA COLLAPSE
MAXIMINUS PAULINA MAXIMUS BALBINUS PUPIENUS GORDIAN I GORDIAN II
GORDIAN III TRANQUILLINA MARINUS PHILIP I OTACILIA PHILIP II PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN SILBANNACUS SPONSIANUS DECIUS ETRUSCILLA ETRUSCUS HOSTILIAN
TREB GALLUS VOLUSIAN AEMILIAN SUPERA URANIUS VALERIAN I MARINIANA
GALLIENUS SALONINA VALERIAN II SALONINUS MARINIANUS REGALIANUS DRYANTILLA
MACRIANUS QUIETUS AUREOLUS GOTHICUS QUINTILLUS AURELIAN SEVERINA
INTERREGNUM TACITUS FLORIAN PROBUS SATURNINUS BONOSUS PROCULUS
CARUS NUMERIAN CARINUS URBICA NIGRINIAN JULIAN I SECESSIONIST
POSTUMUS MARIUS LAELIANUS DOMITIANUS VICTORINUS TETRICUS I TETRICUS II
VABALATHUS ZENOBIA CARAUSIUS ALLECTUS



SEALS


OFFICIAL SEAL FOR A SHIPMENT OF ROMAN COINS

8022. ROMAN LEAD BULLA (SEAL), c. 4th century AD. The lead strip folded over and sealed with the impression of an emperor's hd. r. 2 inches. Rare. It is believed seals like this were used to seal shipments of Roman coins.

On sale at: $450.




OFFICIAL SEAL FOR A SHIPMENT OF ROMAN COINS

8023. ROMAN LEAD BULLA (SEAL), c. 4th century AD. The lead strip folded over and sealed with the impression of a standing figure similar to the rv. of a Roman coin. 2.5 inches. Rare. It is believed seals like this were used to seal shipments of Roman coins.

On sale at: $350.







THE SEVERAN PERIOD
( family tree ) ( family tree with photos)
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SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211


APPARENTLY ONLY THE SECOND KNOWN EXAMPLE AND THE ONLY ONE IN PRIVATE HANDS!

11583. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211. AE42 Medallion of Pergamon, Mysia. Draped bust right. / Two centaurs standing facing, cult statue of Aeklepios on pedestal between them. von Fritze _; Berhard 1655, The Coins of Pergamum, citing Berlin, Lobbecke 1906 4106. Excessively rare, the only other one known apparently in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.

This coin and it's discovery are now famous. Surprisingly this coin is a recent (2010) metal detectorist find in the Netherlands, far from where it was minted in Pergamon. It was found at the site of a Roman villa near the town of Stein. This find grabbed the attention of the Netherland's news media and was widely reported. Here are some of the articles about this find of this coin from news sources in the Netherlands. It was also covered by Netherlands TV news broadcasts. News1. News2. News3. News4. News5.

On sale at: $7500.




IMPERIAL AE40 MEDALLION

10216. EXTREMELY RARE SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS ROMAN MEDALLION, 193-211 AD, AE Medallion, Rome c. 195 AD, Obverse: Cuirassed laureate bust of Severus right. Reverse: VICT AVG P M TR P III COS II P P; Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm branch. 40 mm, 49.49 g., 12h. Gnecchi p.76, 25, pl. 93, 4, same dies; Cohen 678 [Fr. 300]. Toynbee _. Near VF, brassy-brown tone. Provenance: Friedrich Collection, NAC Auction 2 (Zurich), April 2, 1995, lot 1654. Extremely rare with very high profile bust.

Not currently for sale.




10765. CHOICE SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS PORTRAIT, 193-211 AD. AE Sestertius (33mm, 24.52 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 194. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / AFRICA SC, Africa standing right, wearing elephant skin headdress and holding grain ears; at feet to right, lion standing right. RIC IV 668d. Choice EF portrait of the finest style, brown patina.

Not currently for sale.




10148. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211 AD, sestertius, 195 AD, RIC 692a. Diameter: 30.8 mm. Weight: 21.7 gr. Obverse: L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP V - Laureate bust of Severus. Reverse: SAECVLI FELICITAS - Felicitas, foot on prow, holding caduceus and cornucopiae. VF. Nice glossy black patina. Clear high quality portrait.

On sale at: $750.




10133. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211 AD, AR Denarius. SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate hd. r. with heavy beard in several long curls. Near EF. Much better than photo.

On sale at: $250.




10874. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (193 - 211). Denarius. Rome mint. Obv: SEVERVS PIVS AVG. Laureate bust right. Rev: INDVLGENTIA AVGG/ IN CARTH. Dea Caelestis, holding thunderbolt and sceptre, riding on lion running r. over waters gushing from rock. RIC 266. Condition: Extremely fine. Weight: 3.5 gm. Diameter: 19 mm. Choice example of this interesting issue commemorating the building of an aqueduct in Carthage by Severus.

Not currently for sale.




10369. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211 AD, AR Denarius, 3.33 g., 206 n. Chr. Mzst. Rom. Obverse: SEVERVS PIVS AVG, Laureate bust right. Reverse: LAETITIA TEMPORVM, Ship unloading animals for the colosseum including four quadrigas, lion, ostrich, deer, bull and two tigers. RIC 274; C. 253; BMC 343; Hill, Severus 790. Good VF. Better metal than photo shows. Rare and desirable type. Ex. Gorny.

Not currently for sale.




6629. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS. AE37 Medallion of Ilium, Troas. Obv: AY KAI L CEPTIMIOC CEOYHROC PERTIN, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. Rev: EKTWR, ILIEWN in ex., Hektor, helmeted, holding shield, brandishing spear (?), in biga left. Bellinger T215; SNG Munich 259; Imhoof KM 5. Good VF. Rare.

SOLD.




10434. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211 A.D. THRACE, Pautalia. AE (29mm, 12.09 g, 7h). Laureate head right / Asklepios seated left on the back of a winged serpent flying right. Ruzicka 342; Varbanov 4681. VF, green patina, some smoothing and light tooling of the legends. Ex CNG.

Not currently for sale.




10118. NEMEAN LION REVERSE, THE LABORS OF HERCULES. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211 A.D. AE20 OF Markianopolis, Moesia Inferior. Laureate draped bust of Severus r. / Hercules battling the Nemean lion. 4.11 gm. F, worn but nicely so that the profiles of both obverse and reverse are quite clear. A nice inexpensive example for collectors of mythological types or the labors of Hercules reverses. Killing the Nemean lion was the first of Hercules 12 labors. After killing it Hercules worn its skin and it is the skin of the Nemean lion that is seen on coins of Alexander the Great as Hercules adorning his head. Scarce!

On sale at: $150.




6630. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, AE40 Medallion of of Cremna, Pisidia. IMP C L SEP SEVE PERTIN AVG, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. APOLLINI PROPVLEO COL CREM, Apollo Propylaeos walking right, cape flying out behind, string bow; crescent at lower left, star at lower right. SNG Righetti 1397; Aulock Pisidien 2, 1144-1150; SNG von Aulock 5090 (Aulock 1144-1150 are all from the same dies. F+. Rare.

Not currently for sale.




10881. SCARCE SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS EROTIC BRONZE, MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum mint. Septimius Severus. AD 193-211. AE (17mm, 2.25 g, 1h). Laureate head right / Priapus standing left. AMNG I 1380; SNG Budapest -; SNG Copenhagen -; Varbanov 2490. Fine, black surfaces, roughness.

Not currently for sale.




8062. SCARCE SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS EROTIC BRONZE, 193-211 AD. AE19 of Nikopolis ad Istrum. /Priapus stg. r. holding up his robes to display large erection. AVF. Rare. Much better than poor image and a richer glossy green patina.

SOLD.




8202. SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS, 193-211. AE18 of Philippolis, Thrace. Varbanov 1158 (Bc). Bust right./Crossed cornucopias filled with grapes. VF+. Charming type. Scarce. Choice example.

On sale at: $250.




9473. LARGE SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AND JULIA DOMNA MEDALLION. AE37 medallion of Stratoniceia, GIC 2291. Busts of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna facing. /Hecate with torch, dog. AVF. Very rare!

Not currently for sale.




MENU
JULIA DOMNA, wife of Septimius Severus


10193. JULIA DOMNA, wife of Septimius Severus, Augusta, AD 193-217. AE Sestertius (30mm, 25.77 g, 11h). Rome mint. Struck under Septimius, circa AD 198-200. Draped bust right / Hilaritas standing left, holding long palm frond and cornucopia. RIC IV 855 (Septimius); Banti 17. Near VF, dark brown surfaces, slight doubling on reverse.

Not currently for sale.




9435. JULIA DOMNA 4 SEASONS REVERSE, wife of Septimius Severus. AR Denarius, HRIC 17. /FECVNDITAS, Terra sitting under a tree, resting her hand on a globe over which walk four small naked boys representing the four seasons. EF. Struck to mark the Saecular celebrations. A rare reverse type.

Not currently for sale.




11044. JULIA DOMNA 4 SEASONS REVERSE, wife of Septimius Severus. Augusta, AD 193-217. AR Denarius (19mm, 2.73 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 207-211. Draped bust right / Fecunditas or Tellus (Earth) reclining left under tree, resting arm on basket of fruit and placing hand on celestial orb; standing before her are four children representing the Four Seasons. RIC IV 549 (Severus); RSC 35. VF, small flake in neck on obverse. Rare type. Struck to mark the Saecular celebrations.

On sale at: $750.




MENU
CARACALLA, 196-217, first son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna


10192. CARACALLA, AD 198-217. AE Sestertius (30mm, 27.61 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck AD 210. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Mars advancing left, holding branch and trophy. RIC IV 450b; Banti 88. VF, dark brown surfaces, a few marks, reverse double struck. Rare.

Not currently for sale.




10886. CARACALLA, AD 198-217. AE Sestertius (34mm, 31.96 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 212-213. Laureate head right / Securitas seated right, propping head with hand and holding scepter; altar to right. RIC IV 512d. Near VF, dark green patina, scratches on the bust. Struck on an exceptional broad, heavy flan. Ex D. Heuer Collection.

Not currently for sale.




PYTHIAN GAMES MEDALLION

11281. CARACALLA, AD 198-217. Thrace, Philippopolis. AE Medallion (41mm, 38.41 g, 7h). Alexandrian Pythian Games issue. Struck AD 215. Laureate heroic bust left, seen from behind, wearing aegis / Two laureate athletes standing left, raising hands to touch wreaths; between, third athlete standing left, bending to apply oil from urn set on ground before him. Klose & Stumpf -; Mouchmov, Phillipopolis 371; Mouchmov 5358; Varbanov 1408 (same dies as illustration). VF, green patina, overall roughness. Important and rare games type. Provenance: CNG 90, Lot 948; Ex Classical Numismatic Group 72 (14 June 2006), lot 1144.

The reverse of this medallion is one of many similar types struck by Philippopolis to commemorate the Pythian Games, one of the four Greek Panhellenic Games that occurred in the second year of each four-year Olympic cycle. Held in honor of Apollo, the god of arts and civilization, these games featured competitions for music and poetry in addition to feats of athletic skill, and were meant to evoke the best of Greco-Roman culture. This particular game in AD 215, coming as it did during Caracalla’s march east to fight the Persians, must have invested the event with further significance, since it now had the added epithet of Alexandrian. By situating the occurrence of these periodic games to such a crucial moment, the gods had signaled their approval, while the addition of their association to Alexander the Great might prove propitious for Caracalla’s own expedition against the Persians. Commentary courtesy CNG.

Not currently for sale.




LARGE MEDALLION OF PERINTHUS

10742. CARACALLA, AD 198-217. AE Medallion (39mm, 30.05 g, 12h) of Perinthus, Thrace. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, seen from front, aegis over left shoulder and gorgoneion on breastplate, holding spear over left shoulder / Tyche standing facing, head left, holding temple in each outstretched hand; at feet, lighted altar to left . Schönert-Geiss, Perinthos 596; SNG Copenhagen -; Varbanov 235. VF, brown surfaces, light expert smoothing to fields.

Not currently for sale.




FINE FIGURE OF ASCLEPIUS

11302. CARACALLA, AD 198-217. Mint of Serdica, Thrace. AE (31mm, 16.47 g, 1h). Laureate and cuirassed bust seen from behind right, slight drapery / Asclepius standing right, leaning on serpent-entwined staff. Varbanov 2199 corr. (described as bust left; same dies as illustration). VF, green and black patina. A wonderful classical figure of Aesclepius, the father of medicine, and a fine style bust of Caracalla in armor as well.

Not currently for sale.




VERY NICE EXAMPLE

10613. CARACALLA, ANTIOCHIA. AE (35mm, 24.24 g, 5h). Laureate and cuirassed bust right, wearing aegis / Men standing facing, head right, left foot on bucranium, leaning on low cippus, holding scepter and Nike; to left, cock standing left; S R across fields. Kryzanowska - (unlisted dies); SNG France -. Good VF, brown surfaces, superior example. From the HLT Collection.

On sale at: $1250.




VERY RARE AND MISSING FROM MAJOR COLLECTIONS

10283. CARACALLA, THYATIRA, LYDIA, 198-217 AD. AE 34mm (20.94 g). Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Caracalla holding patera and scepter, sacrificing over lighted altar, standing right facing Apollo Tyrimnaeos standing left, holding branch and double-axe. SNG Munich 646; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -; BMC -; SNG Leypold -. Near VF, brown patina with some light earthen highlights. Very rare and missing from many major collections.

SOLD.




DELIVERY OF WILD ANIMALS FOR THE COLOSSEUM

6632. CARACALLA, 198-217 AD. AR Denarius, RIC 157. /Ship unloading animals into the Colosseum, ostrich, lion, quadrigas etc. VF. Very rare and desirable! Surface better than image shows.

SOLD.




LARGE MEDALLION OF PERGAMON

7541. CARACALLA, 196-217AD. AE42 Medallion of Pergamon, BMC321. Bust of Roman emperor Caracalla r./Caracalla on horseback approaching statue of Asclepius. Caracalla prayed here for relief of nightmares & physical ailments. F. Extremely RARE!

On sale at: $2250.




11328. CARACALLA, 196-217AD. MYSIA, Pergamum. AD 198-217. AE Medallion (43mm, 40.23 g, 6h). Marcus Caerelius Attalus, strategus. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery; gorgoneion on breastplate; c/m: wreath with pellet in center, all within incuse / E ΠI C TP • M • KAIPEΛ ATTAΛOV, Π-E-P ΓA/MH/NΩ(N) across field, ΠPΩTΩN • Γ • N[E]/ΩKOPΩN in two lines in exergue, the imperial entrance (adventus) into the city of Pergamum: emperor, wearing military attire, on horseback right, turning to left and raising right arm, being trailed by attendant; to right, cippus surmounted by statue of Asclepius. W. Wroth, “Asklepios and the coins of Pergamum,” NC (1882), pl. 3, 5 var.; von Fritze, Pergamon pl. VII, 14 var.; BMC 321 var.; SNG France 2231-2 var. (all with varying distribution of rev. legend); for c/m: Howgego 480. VF, dark green patina, traces of smoothing.

This medallion is part of a highly interesting series that has long fascinated numismatists. Taken as a whole, the group chronicles the major events of Caracalla’s visit to Pergamum en route to an eastern military expedition in AD 214. While this was only one stop on a trip that included imperial visits to the major cities and religious sites of Asia Minor, Pergamum’s sanctuary of Asclepius (the Asclepion) was of particular appeal to Caracalla, whose health declined precipitously in the latter years of his reign. On other medallions from the series we see either Tyche (personification of the city) or a leading magistrate presenting the emperor with a miniature cult image of Asclepius upon his arrival, Caracalla visiting the sacred grove adjacent to the Asclepion, and various scenes of sacrifices being offered to Asclepius. Commentary courtesy CNG.

Not currently for sale.




7945. CARACALLA, 196-217 AD. AE30 of Serdica, Thrace. /River god reclining l. VF. Nice example. Scarce.

On sale at: $150.




7946. CARACALLA, 196-217 AD. AE30 of Serdica, Thrace. /River god reclining l. VF. Nice example. Scarce.

On sale at: $150.




7948. CARACALLA, 196-217 AD. AE27 of Nikopolis ad Istrum. Laureate bust of Caracalla right. / River god reclining. Gallus (VPA AVR GALLOV..) was magistrate under Sept. Severus, Domna, Caracalla and Geta. Elagabalus only had Rufus. This coin is Varbanov 3056 (same dies as the Varbanov plate coin) Near VF. Nice example with excellent glossy patina and surfaces well centered on the flan with all legends and devices clear.

On sale at: $150.




RARE PROVINCIAL MEDALLION

8925. LARGE CARACALLA BRONZE MEDALLION, 196-217 AD. AE37 medallion of Mylasa, Caria. /MULACEWN, cult statue of Zeus Labraundos holding double axe (bipennis) and scepter within tetrastyle temple, the apex ornamented with birds both sides of central disk. F+. Rare large coin of Caracalla.

On sale at: $750.




MILITARY CAMPAIGN REVERSE

9448. CARACALLA, 196-217 AD. AR Denarius, HRIC 73. /Caracalla stg. l. holding spear and parazonium, one bound captive to the l. and two river gods leaning on urns Ė one to the l. and one to r. This issue refers to Caracalla's bravery in military operations, which probably involved the construction of bridges across several rivers or possibly the erection of forts. The year of issue, 207 AD, he was either along the Danube, or possibly in Britain preparing for the coming campaign. EF. Scarce and interesting type.

On sale at: $450.




VICTORY OVER THE PARTHIANS

10127. CARACALLA, 196-217 AD. AR Denarius, HRIC 73. ANTONINVS PIVS AVG., laureate hd. r./VICT PART MAX, Victory striding l. EF. Sharp bright silver portrait considerably better than photo.

On sale at: $350.




VICTORY IN BRITAIN

7692. CARACALLA, 196-217. Denarius, H101/2 /VICTORIAE BRIT, Victory striding l. EF. Scarce and desirable type commemorating victories in Britain 209-211. Considerably better than photo.

SOLD.




MENU
FULVIA PLAUTILLA, wife of Caracalla


10231. PLAUTILLA, wife of Caracalla, Augusta, AD 202-205. AR Denarius (18mm, 3.07 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck AD 202. Draped bust right / Caracalla, holding roll, and Plautilla standing vis-a-vis, clasping right hands. RIC IV 362; RSC 21. Near EF, toned.

Not currently for sale.




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DAUGHTER OF PLAUTILLA AND CARACALLA


11285 PLAUTILLA AND DAUGHTER, Augusta, AD 202-205. AE As (24mm, 10.26 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Caracalla, AD 202-203. Draped bust right / Plautilla as Pietas standing right, holding scepter and her daughter by Caracalla. RIC IV 581. VF, red-brown and green patina, some pitting, minor smoothing. Very rare denomination for Plautilla. Provenance: Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong.

According to numismatic evidence (apparently this on the basis of this coin), Plautilla bore Caracalla a daughter, whose name is unknown, in 204. This according to the Wikipedia entry for Fulvia Plautilla. However this coin is usually dated AD 202-203, so there is a slight discrepancy in the dating. However since it is on the basis of numismatic evidence that the daughter is known it seems fairly certain the reverse of this coin depicts Plautilla holding her daughter.

Not currently for sale.




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GETA, 198-212, second son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna


11052. GETA. AD 209-211. AE Sestertius (31mm, 20.24 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 210-211. Laureate head right. / Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel below seat. RIC IV 168a. Fine, green and brown patina, rough reverse. A superb portrait of the finest style.

Not currently for sale.




6633. CARACALLA & GETA, AE40 Medallion of Mylasa, Caria. ..ANTWNINOC..GETAC KAICAR, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Caracalla right, facing bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Geta left. MYLASEWN, statue of Zeus Osogoa standing right, holding trident and eagle, facing statue of Zeus Labraundos, standing left, holding double-axe and spear. Akarca Mylasa 87; BMC 37. VF.

SOLD.




9449. GETA LEGIONARY ARMOR AND STANDARDS REVERSE, Geta, as Caesar, 198-209 AD. AR Denarius, HRIC 34/1. /PRINC IVVENT, Geta stg. l. in legionary armor holding branch and spear, a trophy behind him. Choice EF example. Interesting type. Surface considerably better than image shows.

On sale at: $750.




9464. GETA AS CAESAR, EQUESTRIAN ORDER REVERSE, 198-209 AD. AR Denarius, HRIC 3. /CASTOR, Castor stg. l. holding scepter beside a horse. Refers to Geta's position as Princeps Juventutis. Castor was a patron deity of the equestrian order. VF+. Scarce and desirable reverse better than photo.

SOLD.




7693. GETA, 198-212. Denarius, H46/1 /VICTORIAE BRIT, Victory stg l. EF. Scarce and desirable type commemorating victories in Britain 209-211.

On sale at: $350.




9436. GETA SILVER TETRADRACHM, 209-212 AD. AR Tetradrachm of Laodicea ad Mare, Bellinger 70. /Eagle with wreath in beak, star between legs. EF. Scarce. Much better than photo. Choice sharp example.

On sale at: $1450.




6634. VERY RARE (UNPUBLISHED?) GETA. AE31 of Nicomedia, Bithynia. AVT K P CE GETAC AVGOV, laureate head right / TWN-AR_H-NIKOMHD-EWN DIC NEW-KORWN... legend in seven lines within wreath. Isegrim -; RecGen -; BMC -; Mionnet - etc. Near VF. Very rare. Excellent style portrait.

On sale at: $1450.




9506. CHOICE GETA AS CAESAR PORTRAIT DENARIUS, 198-209. Denarius, H39. /Securitas std. l. EF+. Sharp strike, surface and metal much better than image shows. Struck well centered on a large medallic flan.

Not currently for sale.




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MACRINUS, 217-218


9474. SCARCE MACRINUS SESTERTIUS, 217-218. Sestertius, HRIC 32/2v. /Fides stg. facing, hd. l. with two standards. EF. Rare this nice.

Not currently for sale.




SECOND LABOR OF HERCULES

11137. MACRINUS, 217-218 AD. MOESIA INFERIOR, Nicopolis ad Istrum. AE (26mm, 10.78 g, 6h). Statius Longinus, consular legate. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Hercules standing left, about to club Hydra. H&J, Nicopolis 8.23.4.2; AMNG I/1, 1760; Varbanov 3480. Good Fine, green and brown patina.

Hercules, made temporarily insane by the goddess Hera, murdered his wife and children. Once recovered, and distressed by his actions, Hercules consulted the Delphic Oracle to find a means of expiating his sin. As a punishment, Apollo replied that the hero would have to serve his cousin Eurystheus, the king Tiryns, a man whom Hercules despised, for a period of twelve years. Because Eurystheus also hated Hercules, he devised a series of ten feats of such difficulty that they would be either insurmountable, or Hercules would die in the attempt. Because Hercules received assistance in completing two of the tasks, Eurystheus added two more. Each labor became more fantastic, and eventually Hercules was compelled to break the bonds of the supernatural in order to complete his task. Once he accomplished the Labors, Hercules was absolved of his guilt, and preceded to perform many other heroic feats.

The Lernaean Hydra, the offspring of Typhon and Echidna, was said to be the sibling of the Nemean Lion, the Chimaera, and Cerberus. Inhabiting the swamp near Lake Lerna in the Argolid, the creature possessed numerous mortal and one immortal head on its single body; should one head be removed, two more would grow in its place. When Hercules reached the swamp where the Hydra dwelt, he drew it out of its lair near the spring of Amymone. Thereupon, wielding a harvesting sickle, he attempted to decapitate the creature. When this proved unsuccessful, because of the Hydra’s regenerative ability, Hercules enlisted the assistance of his nephew Iolaus, who devised a plan: once Hercules had cut off one of the creature’s heads, Iolaus would cauterize the stump with a burning firebrand. The plan succeeded, and the Hydra was destroyed. Hercules placed its one immortal head under a large rock on the sacred way between Lerna and Elaius and dipped his arrows in its poisonous blood. Commentary courtesy CNG.

On sale at: $1250.




7696. MACRINUS, 217-218 AD. AR Denarius. /Fides stg. with two legionary standards. EF+. Choice portrait example.

On sale at: $950.




9437. SCARCE MACRINUS ANTONINIANUS, 217-218 AD. AR Antoninianus, HRIC 5 ($300-$1000), Sear 2048 (£550). /SALVS PVBLICA, Salus stg. l. feeding snake rising from altar with patera. EF. Scarce as are all Macrinus antoniniani.

On sale at: $1250.




MENU
DIADUMENIAN, 217-218


9508. DIADUMENIAN, 218 AD. AR Denarius. /Diadumenian stg. with military standards. EF. Excellent bright shiny surface and metal much better than image shows.

Not currently for sale.




11178. RARE DIADUMENIAN SESTERTIUS, As Caesar, AD 217-218. AE Sestertius (32mm, 25.95 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission of Macrinus, AD 217-218. Bareheaded, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Diadumenian standing right, holding signum and scepter; two signa to right. RIC IV 211 var. (type of signa); Szaivert 9-10; Banti 4. Good VF, dark grayish-green patina, some smoothing in fields. Broad flan. Rare.

Not currently for sale.




6112. DIDUMENIAN, mid May - 8 June 218 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior. AE 21, Varbanov 1332, as Caesar, 217 - 218 A.D.; obverse MOΠEΛΛIOC ANTΩNEINOC K, bare-headed bust right; reverse MARKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, Dikaiosyne standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left, wheel at feet; EF. Scarce. Choice sharp example.

On sale at: $950.




9475. DIADUMENIAN, 218 AD. AE20 of uncertain Eastern city. /Dionysos stg. l. with cornucopia and thyrsos, panther at his feet. AVF. Scarce.

On sale at: $75.




8065. DIADUMENIAN, 218 AD. AE31 of Kibyra, BMC 56. /Zeus enthroned l., eagle stg. at his feet looking up at him. EF. Choice well centered large provincial bronze. Much superior to photo.

On sale at: $750.




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ELAGABALUS, 218-222


10191. ELAGABALUS, AD 218-222. AE Sestertius (31mm, 25.02 g, 1h). Rome mint. Struck AD 219. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Roma seated left, holding Victory and scepter; shield at side. RIC IV 284; Thirion 4; Banti 44. VF, dark brown patina, small edge split at 2 o’clock, minor flan flaws on reverse.

Not currently for sale.




11001. ELAGABALUS, AD 218-222. PHOENICIA, Berytus. AE (25mm, 12.86 g, 6h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Poseidon advancing right, holding trident and grasping the arm of the nymph Beröe kneeling left, head right, holding ewer over well. Sawaya - (D352/R702 [unlisted die combination]); BMC 184; AUB 102. Near VF, green patina, light deposits.

Not currently for sale.




MENU
JULIA PAULA, first wife of Elagabalus


11293. JULIA PAULA, 1st wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, AD 219-220. AE Sestertius (32mm, 19.93 g, 12h). Rome mint. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia; star to right. RIC IV 380 (Elagabalus); Banti 5. Near VF, glossy dark greenish-brown patina, some peripheral roughness. Scarce. Provenance: From the Nera Collection.

Not currently for sale.




11158. JULIA PAULA, 1st wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, AD 219-220. AE Sestertius (30mm, 19.37 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 220. Diademed and draped bust right / Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera and cornucopia. RIC IV 380 (Elagabalus). Fine, muddy brown patina, flan crack. Provenance: Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Scarce. Excellent style portrait.

On sale at: $750.




8613. JULIA PAULA, 1st wife of Elagabalus. Denarius, RIC.211, Sear 2149. /Concordia std. l. with patera. EF. Old cabinet toning with hints of blue and orange iridesence. A beautiful and choice example much nicer than image shows. Scarce.

On sale at: $750.




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AQUILIA SEVERA, second and fourth wife of Elagabalus


10782. AQUILIA SEVERA, second & fourth wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, 220-221 and 221-222. AE Sestertius (32mm - 24.54 g). Rome mint. IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG, diademed and draped bust right / CONCORDIA, S C across field, Concordia standing left, holding patera in extended right hand over lighted and garlanded altar, and double cornucopia in left hand; star in right field. RIC IV 390 (Elagabalus); BMCRE 433 (Elagabalus). Near Fine, split on edge, golden brown patina. Rare.

Not currently for sale.




11036. AQUILIA SEVERA, second & fourth wife of Elagabalus. Augusta, AD 220-221 & 221-222. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.72 g, 7h). Rome mint. Draped bust right / Concordia standing left, holding double cornucopia, sacrificing from patera over lighted altar; star to left. RIC IV 225 (Elagabalus); RSC 2a. Good VF, matte surfaces. Scarce.

Not currently for sale.




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ANNIA FAUSTINA, third wife of Elagabalus


11240. ANNIA FAUSTINA, Egypt, Alexandria mint. Augusta, AD 221. BI Tetradrachm (23mm, 11.46 g, 12h). Dated RY 5 of Elagabalus (AD 221). Draped bust right / Serapis standing facing, head right, holding scepter; L-E (date) across field. Koln 2388; Dattari (Savio) 4198; K&G 59.12. VF, rough black surfaces. Rare.

SOLD.




11329. ANNIA FAUSTINA, Egypt, Alexandria mint. Augusta, AD 221. BI Tetradrachm (22mm, 13.64 g, 12h). Dated RY 5 of Elagabalus (AD 221). Draped bust right / Athena standing left, holding Nike and resting on shield; L E (date) to lower left. Koln 2384; Dattari (Savio) 4192; K&G 34a5. VF, even red-brown surfaces. Rare. Provenance: From a Continental Collection.

Not currently for sale.




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JULIA SOAEMIAS, mother of Elagabalus


11219. JULIA SOAEMIAS, Augusta, AD 218-222. AR Denarius (14mm, 3.34 g, 6h). Rome mint. Struck circa AD 220-222. Draped bust right / Venus Caelestis standing left, holding apple and scepter; star to right. RIC IV 241 (Elagabalus); RSC 8. Near EF, lightly toned, faint porosity.

Not currently for sale.




10575. JULIA SOAEMIAS, died 222 AD. AR Denarius. Reverse: Venus standing with apple and scepter. Comes with NNC slab from which it has been removed graded AU50 S-2170. Scarce. Good VF.

SOLD.




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UNCERTAIN CHILD OF JULIA SOAEMIAS?, younger brother of Elagabalus


11267. JULIA SOAEMIAS, mother of Elagabalus. Augusta, AD 218-222. AE Dupondius (25mm, 12.27 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Elagabalus, AD 218-220. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Venus seated left, holding apple and scepter; small child at her feet to left. RIC IV 407 (Elagabalus). Good VF, reddish-brown patina, small pit before portrait. Provenance: From the Bruce R. Brace Collection.

It is possible that the child on the reverse depicts one of the numerous children of Soaemias and her husband Sextus Varius Marcellus, a Syrian Roman of an Equestrian family, whose names are lost to history. It would not be Elagabalus who was born c. 203 and would have been 15-17 and emperor at the time this coin was struck since the child on this coin is clearly much younger and certainly not the depiction of the emperor under whose authority this coin was struck.

Not currently for sale.




11102. JULIA SOAEMIAS, mother of Elagabalus. Augusta 220-222 AD. AE Sestertius (19.59 gm). Struck 218-220 AD. Diademed and draped bust right. IVLIA SOAE-MIAS AVG. / Venus seated left, holding apple and sceptre; at her feet, small boy standing right, arms raised. VENVS CAELESTIS / S C. RIC IV 406 (Elagabalus); BMCRE 379 (Elagabalus); Cohen 18. VF. Scarce.

It is possible that the child on the reverse depicts one of the numerous children of Soaemias and her husband Sextus Varius Marcellus, a Syrian Roman of an Equestrian family, whose names are lost to history. It would not be Elagabalus who was born c. 203 and would have been 15-17 and emperor at the time this coin was struck since the child on this coin is clearly much younger and certainly not the depiction of the emperor under whose authority this coin was struck.

Not currently for sale.




MENU
JULIA MAESA, mother of Soaemias and Mamaea, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander


10128. JULIA MAESA, Grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander. AR Denarius. IVLIA MAESA AVG, bare hd. r./Goddess sacrificing over an altar. EF. Much nicer bright silvery portrait than photo shows. Scarce.

On sale at: $350.




11286. JULIA MAESA, Augusta, AD 218-224/5. AE Sestertius (32mm, 28.38 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Elagabalus, AD 218-220. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Pietas standing left, holding acerrum and extending hand over lighted altar to left. RIC IV 414 (Elagabalus); Thirion 408; Banti 6. Good VF, attractive green, brown, and red patina. Scarce.

Not currently for sale.




10752. JULIA MAESA, Augusta, AD 218-224/5. AE Sestertius (30mm, 23.03 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck AD 218-220. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Pietas standing left, sacrificing over lighted altar to left and holding incense box. RIC IV 414 (Elagabalus); Thirion 408. Near VF, dark brown patina. Scarce.

On sale at: $750.




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SEVERUS ALEXANDER, 221-235


10837. SEVERUS ALEXANDER, AD 222-235. AR Denarius (19mm, 3.02 g, 1h). Laureate head right. / Annona standing r. with prow. Good EF. Minute copper deposits on rv.

Not currently for sale.




NEWLY LISTED

11352. SEVERUS ALEXANDER, 221-235. AR Denarius (20mm, 2.94 g). Laureate bust right. / Jupiter holding globe of the world right. Near EF. Lightly toned. Slightly mottled surface on reverse not as noticeable in the hand.

On sale at: $125.




10189. SEVERUS ALEXANDER, AD 222-235. AE Sestertius (29mm, 21.49 g, 12h). Rome mint. 12th emission, AD 231. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 618; BMCRE 703-4; Banti 166. Good VF, excellent glossy dark gray-brown patina. Well centered and sharp both sides with all legends and figures sharp and clear.

SOLD.




10190. SEVERUS ALEXANDER, AD 222-235. AE Sestertius (33mm, 26.71 g, 1h). Rome mint. 15th emission, AD 232. Laureate bust right, slight drapery / Providentia standing left, holding cornucopia and two ears of grain over modius to left. RIC IV 642; BMCRE 883-9; Banti 147a. VF, brown and dark gray-brown patina. Struck on a very broad and heavy flan.

Not currently for sale.




10484. SEVERUS ALEXANDER, 222-235. PHOENICIA, SIDON. AE (24mm, 9.26 g, 12h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Cart of Astarte containing baetyl (thought to be a sacred meteorite). AUB -; BMC -. VF, brown patina, earthen deposits. From the J.S. Wagner Collection.

Not currently for sale.




9507. SEVERUS ALEXANDER SHE WOLF SUCKLING ROMULUS AND REMUS, 221-235. AE33 of Antioch. /She wolf suckling Romulus & Remus. Near VF. Scarce. Considerably better than photo.

On sale at: $350.




EXCELLENT PEDIGREE

10285. SEVERUS ALEXANDER CILICIA, FLAVIOPOLIS MEDALLION, 222-235 AD. AE 35mm (27.45 g). Dated Year 153 (225/6+ AD). Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Bust of Kronos right. SNG Levante 1547 (same dies); SNG France 2192 (same dies); Lindgren III 831 (this coin). Near VF, brown patina with earthen highlights. Ex Henry Lindgren Collection, 831; Mabbott Collection (Hans Schulman, New York, 6-11 June 1969), lot 2165.

On sale at: $950.




MENU
ORBIANA, wife of Severus Alexander


10753. ORBIANA. Augusta, AD 225-227. AE Sestertius (30mm, 20.38 g, 12h). Rome mint. Special emission, AD 225. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Concordia seated left on throne, holding patera and cornucopia. RIC IV 655; BMCRE 293. VF, attractive green-brown patina. Scarce.

Not currently for sale.




11220. ORBIANA. Augusta, AD 225-227. AR Denarius (18mm, 2.97 g, 6h). Rome mint. Special marriage issue, AD 225. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopia. RIC IV 319 (Severus Alexander); RSC 1. EF, light porosity. Sharply struck and with a pretty portrait.

Not currently for sale.




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JULIA MAMAEA, mother of Severus Alexander


11234. JULIA MAMAEA, mother of Alexander Severus. (222-235 AD). AR Denarius (19 mm, 3.33 g), Rome mint. Obv. IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, draped bust right. Rev. FELICITAS PVBLICA, Felicitas standing left, legs crossed, holding caduceus and leaning left arm on column. RIC IV, 2, p. 98, 335. Sharp strike. Superb extremely fine.

Not currently for sale.




9476. JULIA MAMAEA, mother of Alexander Severus. Denarius. /Juno std. EF. Better than image.

On sale at: $250.




11140. JULIA MAMAEA, mother of Alexander Severus. Augusta, AD 222-235. AE Sestertius (28mm, 17.15 g, 1h). Rome mint. 4th emission, AD 224. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Venus seated left, holding Cupid and scepter. RIC IV 701 (Alexander). VF, brown patina

On sale at: $650.




10154. JULIA MAMAEA, mother of Alexander Severus. Sestertius, RIC676. 222-3 AD, 28-30mm, 19.3g. Obverse: IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, diademed & draped bust right. Reverse: FELICITAS PVBLICA S-C, Felicity standing half-left, arm on column, holding caduceus. EF. Excellent sharp example with a fine quality well contrasted portrait and superior glossy patina. Not nearly so green as photo.

On sale at: $650.




10144. JULIA MAMAEA, mother of Alexander Severus. Sestertius, Rome mint, c. 235 AD. 30mm, 20.52 g. Her diademed and draped bust right. Reverse: VENERI FELICITAS, Venus standing right holding a staff in her right hand and holding an infant in her outstretched left hand who holds out its hand to her. VF. Tiber patina with some pitting on the reverse however the portrait of Julia Mamaea is excellent.

Not currently for sale.




THE COLLAPSE OF ORDER



MENU
MAXIMINUS, 235-238


8615. MAXIMINUS, 235-238. Sestertius, RIC.78, Sear 2350, HRIC.14. Laureate bust r./FIDES MILITVM S C, Fides stg. l. holding two legionary standards. Choice EF. One of the finest examples I've seen both in style and condition with a wonderful portrait of the Thracian born giant who seized the throne by force. Note also that the numismatic busts of Maximinus are almost always depicted with the shoulders viewed from the side or even slightly from behind while this magnificent example is an extremely rare angled front view. Michael Alram, for example in Vol. 27 of 'Moneta Imperii Romani', 1989 Vienna, lists only a few examples of Sesterii busts rendered from this angle in the major collections, with none of the 84 listed with the Fides reverse having this bust type, there is however a medallion of the same issue with a very similar bust. Extremely rare and worthy of the finest collection.

Not currently for sale.




11242. MAXIMINUS, AD 235-238. AE Sestertius (29mm, 18.43 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 236. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Maximinus standing left, raising hand and holding scepter; two signa to left, signum to right. RIC IV 33; Banti 16. Near EF, dark brown and gray patina, areas of red. Choice example.

Not currently for sale.




11243. MAXIMINUS, AD 235-238. AE Sestertius (30mm, 21.21 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 236. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Providentia standing facing, head left, holding baton and cornucopia; globe at feet to left. RIC IV 61; Banti 21b. EF, dark gray and brown patina, some red. Choice example.

Not currently for sale.




6637. MAXIMINUS, 235-238. Sestertius of 235 AD. /Victory walking r. EF. Choice example!

On sale at: $1250.




10511. MAXIMINUS, 235-238. AE Sestertius. 235-236 AD. Obverse: IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG, laureate, draped bust right. Reverse: PROVIDENTIA AVG S-C, Providence standing left with cornucopia and wand over globe at feet. Cohen 80. RIC 61. Sear5 #8337. Murdered together with his son Maximus Caesar on 24th june 238 AD. Nice glossy dark green patina. Diam. 28.24 - 29.06 mm. Weight 18.59 gr.

On sale at: $650.




6113. MAXIMINUS, 235-238 AD. AR Denarius. /Pax stg. EF+.

On sale at: $750.




6114. MAXIMINUS, 235-238 AD. AE26 of Tomis, Moesia Inferior. /Tetrastyle temple with statue of god. VF. Considerably better than photo.

On sale at: $450.




MENU
PAULINA, wife of Maximinus, mother of Maximus


10818. PAULINA. Died before AD 235. AE Sestertius (31mm, 18.49 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 236. Veiled and draped bust right / Diva Paulina, raising hand and holding scepter, reclining left on peacock flying right. RIC IV 3 (Maximinus I). Good VF, brown patina. Rare!

On sale at: $2750.




11330. PROVENANCE DATING BACK TO 1906 FROM THE FREDERICK, CASTERMAN, BRAND AND SARTI COLLECTIONS. DIVA PAULINA. Died before AD 235. AE Sestertius (28mm, 17.14 g, 12h). Consecration issue. Rome mint. 2nd emission of Maximinus I, AD 236. Veiled and draped bust right / Paulina, raising hand and holding scepter, reclining left on peacock flying upward to right. RIC IV 3; Banti 1. Near EF, green-brown patina, flaked off in spots, showing pale green. Choice style portrait and extremely sharp reverse with every feather of the peacock clear. Very rare. Provenance: From the R.D. Frederick Collection. Ex Louis-Robert Casterman Collection (Elsen 65, 17 March 2001), lot 132; Virgil Brand Collection (Part 3, Sotheby’s Zurich, 9 June 1983), lot 409; Prospero Sarti Collection (Sangiorgi, 7 May 1906), lot 908.

Not currently for sale.




11045. DIVA PAULINA (WIFE OF MAXIMINUS I, MOTHER OF MAXIMUS), Died before AD 235. AR Denarius (20mm, 3.05 g, 6h). Rome mint. 2nd emission of Maximinus I, AD 236. Veiled and draped bust right / Diva Paulina, raising hand and holding scepter, reclining left on peacock flying right. RIC IV 2 (Maximinus); RSC 2. EF, struck from a slightly worn reverse die. Scarce. Spectacular choice portrait of Paulina.

Not currently for sale.




11037. DIVA PAULINA (WIFE OF MAXIMINUS I, MOTHER OF MAXIMUS), Died before AD 235. AR Denarius (21mm, 2.57 g, 5h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 236. Veiled and draped bust right / Diva Paulina, raising hand and holding scepter, reclining left on peacock flying right. RIC IV 2 (Maximinus); RSC 2. Near EF, toned. Scarce. Struck on an exceptionally large flan.

On sale at: $1750.




MENU
MAXIMUS, 235-238, son of Maximinus


10188. MAXIMUS, Caesar, AD 235/6-238. AE Sestertius (29mm, 22.29 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission of Maximinus, AD 236. Bare headed and draped bust right / Maximus standing left, holding baton and spear; two signa behind. RIC IV 9; BMCRE 123-4; Banti 5. VF, dark gray-brown patina. Pleasing surfaces.

Not currently for sale.




10512. MAXIMUS, Caesar, AD 235/6-238. AE Sestertius. Obverse: MAXIMVS CAES GERM, draped bust right. Reverse: PIETAS AVG, lituus, knife, patera, vase, simpulum, and sprinkler, SC in ex. Cohen 7. RIC 11. Sear5 #8409. Murdered together with his father on 24th June AD 238. Nice greenish patina. Diam. 29.72 - 30.56 mm. Weight 21.16 gr.

Not currently for sale.




MENU
BALBINUS, 238


RARE THREE EMPEROR REVERSE

10137. BALBINUS WITH PUPIENUS AND GORDIAN III. Balbinus, 238 A.D. AE Sestertius Rome mint (Both Balbinus & Pupienus were elected by the Roman Senate as joint emperors in 238 A.D.). 27 mm, 15.8 grams. Obverse: IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, his draped bust facing right. Reverse: LIBERALITAS AVGVSTORVM S - C in emerge; Balbinus, Pupienus & Gordian III seated on raised platform, soldier standing with spear in front. Liberalitas standing left with abacus & cornucopia, a citizen mounting steps to receive coins. RIC IV 14, BMCRE 5, Cohen 13. A rare emperor and an even rarer reverse. VF. Somewhat better than the photo in the hand.

On sale at: $2250.




10296. BALBINUS AD 238. AE Sestertius (32mm, 19.76 g, 12h). Rome mint. 1st emission. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Balbinus standing left, holding branch and parazonium. RIC IV 16; BMCRE 28-30. Good VF, excellent sharp portrait, brown patina. Ex. CNG.

Not currently for sale.




MENU
PUPIENUS, 238


11273. EXCELLENT STYLE PUPIENUS PORTRAIT SESTERTIUS, 22nd April-29th July 238. Sestertius April-July 239, AE 19.05 g. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust r. Rev. Emperor standing l., holding branch and parazonium. C 30. RIC 15. Rare. Brown tone. Near EF. Slight die slip. Choice very attractive portrait. Comes with David Sear Certificate of Authenticity.

Not currently for sale.




9509. EXCELLENT STYLE PUPIENUS PORTRAIT SESTERTIUS, 238 AD. Sestertius, RIC23. /Victory stg holding wreath & drapery. VF. Scarce. Excellent portrait.

On sale at: $1750.




8068. PUPIENUS MEDALLION, 238 AD. AE 35 Medallion of Tarsos, Cilicia. / Mercury stg. facing holding caduceus and money bag. F+. Very rare large Pupienus medallion!

SOLD.




8204. PUPIENUS, 238AD. Antoninianus. /Clasped hands. Tiny die flaw near eye. Struck on a superb medallic flan! EF.

SOLD.




MENU
GORDIAN I, 238


6639. GORDIAN I, 238 AD. AR Denarius, RIC 1. /Togate emperor stg. l. holding branch and scepter. EF. Large flan.

SOLD.




10184. GORDIAN I. AD 238. AE Sestertius (27mm, 13.96 g, 12h). Rome mint. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 12; Banti 8. Good VF, dark gray-brown patina, some red, reverse slightly double struck. Rare.

Not currently for sale.




MENU
GORDIAN II, 238


10185. GORDIAN II. AD 238. AE Sestertius (31mm, 21.24 g, 1h). Rome mint. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Virtus standing left, holding shield set on ground and spear. RIC IV 8; Banti 7. Good VF, dark gray patina, traces of red, tiny flaw on cheek. Struck on a broad, round flan. Rare.

Not currently for sale.




MENU
GORDIAN III, 238-244


10186. GORDIAN III. AD 238-244. AE Sestertius (29mm, 16.17 g, 1h). Rome mint, 5th officina. 8th emission, AD 240. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Apollo seated left, holding olive branch and leaning on lyre on back of throne. RIC IV 301a; Banti 70. Near EF, dark gray-brown patina.

Not currently for sale.




10187. GORDIAN III. AD 238-244. AE Sestertius (28mm, 17.21 g, 12h). Rome mint, 5th officina. 10th emission, AD 242. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Apollo seated left, holding branch and resting elbow on lyre. RIC IV 303a; Banti 74. Good VF, dark gray patina, traces of red, minor die shift on obverse, a few adjustment marks on lower jaw to chin.

Not currently for sale.




8616. GORDIAN III, 238-244. Sestertius, Sear 2488, HRIC.87. Diademed bust r./Laetitia stg. l. holding wreath and anchor. VF+. A wonderful goofy cartoonlike portrait of great charm.

Not currently for sale.




10129. GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD. AR Antoninianus. Radiate head of Gordian right. /Liberalitas standing facing left. Bright silvery EF much better than photo shows.

On sale at: $150.




10853. GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD, AE35 of Antiochia, Pisidia. AE (35mm, 27.31 g, 6h). Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Founder plowing right with two oxen; two signa behind. Kryzanowska dies XVI/80; SNG France 1191. VF, porous, tan surfaces.

The reverse is a classical Colonia scene in which a founder plows the ground in the presence of legionary standards to establish a new Roman Colonia. The Colonias were new cities where decommissioned Roman legionaries were given land to settle after their service.

Not currently for sale.




10610. MEDALLION OF GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD, CILICIA, Tarsus. AE (37mm, 23.33 g, 6h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Gordian III right, seen from behind / Turreted, veiled, and draped bust of Tyche right. SNG France 1700 (same dies); SNG Levante -. VF, red and green patina. From the HLT Collection.

Not currently for sale.




10611. MEDALLION OF GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD, CILICIA, Tarsus. AE (38mm, 22.78 g, 6h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Athena standing facing, head left, holding Nike, shield, and spear. SNG France 1691 (same dies); SNG Levante 1127. Near VF, reddish-brown patina.

Not currently for sale.




10508. GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD, CILICIA, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. AE (33mm, 12.92 g, 6h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; c/m: pellet within triangle / Nike left on globe, holding wreath and palm. SNG France 1028 var. (legend breaks); SNG Levante 767 (same obv. die); for c/m: Howgego 670. VF, dark green patina.

Not currently for sale.




ENIGMATIC REVERSE

10330. GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD, AE 35 of Tarsus. Van Aulock 6045, BMC 290. Obverse: Radiate draped bust right. Reverse: Two Ciliarch crowns on an altar, the outer decorated with nine busts, the inner with six. SNG France 1677v; cf. SNG Levante 1135v. VF considerably better than photo. A very interesting and unusual type.

The Ciliarch or Cilicarch was the name for the High Priest of Cilicia who presided over provincial temples dedicated to certain emperors. The different busts which decorate the crown represent the various emperors who were honored at each respective temple.

On sale at: $750.




10488. GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD, AE 34 of Tarsos (Tarsus), Cilicia. 238-244 AD., France 2, 1704 (same dies) , Choice VF, 27.50 gm, 34 mm, ; AUT KAIS M ANT GORDIANOS SEB / P - P, Head of Gordian III. radiate r., with shield and spear. ; TARSOU MHTROPOLEWS AMK G B , Elpis walking l., holding flower and her chlamys. Scarce.

Not currently for sale.




10596. GORDIAN III, 238-244 AD, AE 35 of Tarsos (Tarsus), Cilicia. 238-244 AD., (19.96 g). Radiate and draped bust right, holding spear pointed forwards and shield; shield decorated with gorgoneion between two serpents / Gordian on horseback right, thrusting spear at lion running right below. SNG Levante 1132; SNG France 1722 (same dies). Near VF, brown patina with some earthen highlights, minor roughness.

Not currently for sale.




8070. GORDIAN III, 238-244. AE34. Laur. bust r./She wolf suckling Romulus and Remus beneath tree. AVF. Scarce and a nice reverse.

On sale at: $350.




6641. GORDIAN III, 238-244. AE35. Elaborate curaissed bust holding globe./Emperor holding globe and spear being crowned by Victory. VF. This very interesting bust is the prototype for later Roman Imperial coins with similar busts and has the appearance of an extra large later follis. OBVERSE SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER THAN PHOTO.

On sale at: $450.




9438. GORDIAN III RARE PROVINCIAL CITY, 238-244 AD. AE25 of Bruzos, Phrygia, Van Aulock 3529. /Hecate holding two torches standing on globe. VF+. Rare city. Choice example.

SOLD.




9478. GORDIAN III, 238-244. AE36 of Nysa, Lydia. Grammateus Diodotus. AVT K M ANT GORDIANOC, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right. / EPI GR AUR DIODOTOU NUSAEWN, Ceres (not Triptolemus who has a similar reverse but who is usually scattering seeds) in cart pulled left by two serpents, holding torch in each hand. Mionnet Supp. VI, 437, otherwise unpublished.

Note: In BMC Lydia, p. LXXXI, note, Barclay Head does not list this grammateus for Gordian and doubts Mionnet's reading of the name, writing "Mionnet ... cites a coin of Gordian with EPI GR AVR DIODOTOY NYCAEWN, but I doubt whether it is correctly read". The clear legend of this coin proves that Mionnet's reading was absolutely correct and that this Grammateus did indeed strike coins for Gordian III. F+. Very Rare and of great numismatic importance!

Not currently for sale.




MENU
TRANQUILLINA, wife of Gordian III


GAMES REVERSE

8617. GORDIAN III and TRANQUILLINA (his wife). AE26 of Tomis, Moesia Inferior. GIC._ but see GIC.3637 for a similar coin. Their confronted busts/Agonistic prize urn with two palm fronds on presentation table, two uncertain objects each side, an amphora beneath. VF+. A fine example of a very rare coin depicting a prize awarded to the winning athlete in the public games. The amphora may contain olive oil from the sacred groves.

On sale at: $350.




8618. GORDIAN III and TRANQUILLINA (his wife). AE26 of Anchialus, Thrace. Their confronted busts/Triptolemus driving chariot drawn by winged serpents r. VG/VF. Triptolemus, son of Celeus, king of Eleusis was said to have first taught agriculture to mankind, having himself been taught by the goddess Demeter. Here he is depicted traveling the earth in Demeter's chariot distributing grain to the peoples of the world. He then returned to Eleusis and ruled there where he is said to have established the Eleusinian mysteries. A rare depiction of the Greek myth, much superior in style and detail to most others.

Not currently for sale.




10494. GORDIAN III & TRANQUILLINA, AD 238-244. ∆ 26 mm, Thrace or Moesia Inferior. Obverse: busts of Gordian and Tranquillina confronted. Reverse: Galley under full sail, waves below. F with clear galley. Scarce.

On sale at: $250.




6126. GORDIAN III & TRANQUILLINA, AD 238-244. ∆ Medallion (24.0 gm), 38mm, struck at Cilicia, Seleukia ad Calycadnum. Obverse busts of Gordian and Tranquillina confronted. Reverse busts of Apollo on left and Tyche on right, laurel behind Apollo, cornucopia behind Tyche. SNG Paris 1034 (same dies). Note: This is the rarer version of the Artemis Tyche / Apollo type, yours having the positions of the figures reversed (Apollo on the left and Artemis Tyche on the right). Not the more common SNG France 1034 etc, and not from the same dies) M ANTWNIOC GORDIANO CE KAI CABINIAN TRANKYLL-INAN CEB, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian III right facing diademed and draped bust of Tranquillina left. KALYKADNW CELEYKEWN ELEYQERAC, laureate, draped bust of Apollo right, laurel branch behind shoulder, facing draped bust of Artemis Tyche left in polos, cornucopiae behind shoulder. Hunter Collection 7; BMC 47. EF, with chocolate brown patina. Extremely rare. A fantastic coin and a rare opportunity, purchased from a private collection formed over 50 years. Ex. Dorney, private sale.

Not currently for sale.




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JULIUS MARINUS, father of Philip I


11417. DIVUS JULIUS MARINUS, father of Philip I. Arabia, Philippopolis mint. Died circa AD 246/7. AE (22mm, 7.57 g, 12h). Struck at Antioch, circa AD 247-249. Bare-headed bust right, with slight drapery on far shoulder, supported by eagle standing right / Roma or Allat standing left, holding phiale and spear; shield at side to left; S-C flanking. Butcher, Philippopolis & Samosata pl. 25, 11; Spijkerman 2; SNG ANS 1402. Fine, dark brown patina with green earthen deposits. Rare.

The father of Philip I, Julius Marinus hailed from a small town in the province of Arabia (modern day Shuhba, Syria; the original name of the ancient town is unknown). Following the death of Marinus, Philip deified his father and had a temple to him built in his newly aggrandized hometown - now renamed Philippoplis and elevated to the rank of colonia.

The neat fabric of the city's coins is quite out of place for Arabia. This, combined with die links between the coins of Philippopolis, Zeugma, and Antioch, suggest production at a central location, with Antioch being the most likely place.

Not currently for sale.




11357. DIVUS JULIUS MARINUS, father of Philip I. Arabia, Philippopolis mint. Died circa AD 246/7. AE (24mm, 8.07 g, 6h). Struck at Antioch, circa AD 247-249. Bareheaded bust right, with slight drapery, supported by eagle standing right / Roma or Allat standing left, holding phiale and spear; shield at side to left. Butcher, Philippopolis & Samosata pl. 25, 11; Spijkerman 2; SNG ANS 1402. Fine, green desert patina. Very rare.

The father of Philip I, Julius Marinus hailed from a small town in the province of Arabia (modern day Shuhba, Syria; the original name of the ancient town is unknown). Following the death of Marinus, Philip deified his father and had a temple to him built in his newly aggrandized hometown - now renamed Philippoplis and elevated to the rank of colonia. The neat fabric of the city’s coins is quite out of place for Arabia. This, combined with die links between the coins of Philippopolis, Zeugma, and Antioch, suggest production at a central location, with Antioch being the most likely place.

On sale at: $1450.




6636. JULIUS MARINUS, father of Philip I. AE23 of Philippopolis, Arabia, S2623a, BMC2. Bare-headed bust of Marinus r. supported by eagle/Roma stg. l. holding patera & resting spear on shield, SC. Good Fine, and nearly as good as the Sear example. (£1500). Very rare!

On sale at: $1750.




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PHILIP I (the Arab), 244-249


10182. PHILIP I, AD 244-249. AE Sestertius (27mm, 18.91 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 1st emission, AD 244. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Salus standing left, holding rudder set on globe and feeding out of patera serpent rising from altar at left. RIC IV 187a corr. (rudder not scepter); Banti 55 corr. (same). Near EF, attractive two-tone brown patina. Choice portrait.

Not currently for sale.




10183. PHILIP I, AD 244-249. AE Sestertius (28mm, 18.22 g, 12h). Rome mint, 6th officina. 2nd emission, AD 244. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing right, holding palm frond and wreath. RIC IV 191a; Banti 59. Good VF, dark gray-brown patina, traces of porosity, minor die shift. Bold portrait.

Not currently for sale.




11179. PHILIP I, AD 244-249. AE Sestertius (30mm, 21.88 g, 12h). Rome mint, 2nd officina. 1st emission, AD 244. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder set on globe. RIC IV 175a; Banti 18. VF, dark brown patina. Bold portrait.

Not currently for sale.




11180. PHILIP I, AD 244-249. AE Sestertius (29mm, 25.96 g, 1h). Rome mint, 1st officina. 5th emission, AD 246. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. RIC IV 149a; Banti 31. VF, dark brown patina. Bold portrait.

Not currently for sale.




11181. PHILIP I, AD 244-249. AE Sestertius (28mm, 18.64 g, 11h). Rome mint, 1st officina. 6th emission, AD 247. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia. RIC IV 150a; Banti 34 corr. (photo switched with Banti 33). VF, dark brown patina. Bold portrait.

Not currently for sale.




10149. PHILIP I, 224-249. AE Sestertius, RIC 176a. 32.0 mm., 21.4 g. Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILLIPVS AVG - Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip I. Reverse: LAET FVNDATA - Laetitia, foot on prow, holding patera and rudder. VF. Decent portrait and clear reverse as well. Much better than photo.

On sale at: $750.




VERY RARE DENOMINATION

8066. VERY RARE PHILIP I REDUCED DUPONDIUS, 224-249. AE Dupondius, HRIC_, ACS_. 23mm, 5.62 gm. (A normal Philip dupondius would weigh about twice this much.) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; DN PHILIPVS AVG / ????? (PM TRP?) COS AVGG SC; Elephant and rider l. F though somewhat clearer than photo. Very rare type and denomination for Philip. Reference appreciated.

On sale at: $450.




9510. PHILLIP I ELEPHANT REVERSE SESTERTIUS, 224-249 AD. AE Sestertius. /Elephant with rider stg. l. EF. Scarce and interesting coin.

On sale at: $750.




10130. PHILIP I, 244-249 AD. AR Antoninianus. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG /TRP II COS PP. EF. Mint luster. Pleasing and nicely centered sharp strike with entire legend clear. Much better than photo.

On sale at: $350.




9511. CHOICE PHILIP I PORTRAIT IN SILVER, 224-249. Billon tetradrachm of Antioch. Eagle stg. EF. Choice portrait.

On sale at: $450.




10400. PHILIP I, Antoninianus. EF.

On sale at: $350.




10401. PHILIP I, Antoninianus. EF.

On sale at: $350.




PROVINCIAL MEDALLION

10882. PHILIP I MEDALLION WITH INTERESTING REVERSE SCENE, Cilicia, Anazarbus mint. AD 244-249. AE Medallion (35mm, 21.42 g, 12h). Dated CY 263 (AD 244/5). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Koinoboulion seated left, holding cornucopia and tossing pebble in vase; tree to left. Ziegler 739 (VS3/Rs11); SNG France -; SNG Levante 1491 (same obv. die); SNG von Aulock 5504 (same dies). Near VF, dark green patina, minor roughness. Struck on a huge flan.

On sale at: $1750.




10435. PHILIP I, CILICIA, Diocaesarea. Philip I. AD 244-249. AE (31mm, 12.99 g, 7h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Herakles, holding club, reclining left on lion’s skin. SNG France 878 (same dies). VF, dark green patina. Choice example of a rare type.

On sale at: $650.




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OTACILIA SEVERA, wife of Philip I


10179. OTACILIA SEVERA, AUGUSTA, AD 244-249. AE Sestertius (31mm, 19.02 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 5th emission of Philip I, AD 246. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Concordia seated left, holding patera and double cornucopia. RIC IV 203a (Philip I); Banti 4. EF, dark brown patina, traces of red. Large portrait.

Not currently for sale.




10167. OTACILIA SEVERA, AUGUSTA, AD 244-249. AE Sestertius. /CONCORDIA AVGG S C, seated left. VF.

On sale at: $750.




7694. OTACILIA SEVERA. AE Sestertius. /PVDICITIA std. VF. Exceptionally large flan and large portrait.

On sale at: $450.




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PHILIP II, 244-249


10297. PHILIP II, AD 247-249. AE Sestertius (28mm, 18.70 g, 12h). Rome mint. 9th emission, AD 248. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Goat (or moose?) advancing left. RIC IV 264a. EF. Choice example of this desirable type.

Not currently for sale.




10418. PHILIP II, AD 247-249. AE Sestertius 245-246. Obverse: M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES; Very youthful bust, bare head, on the right, with drapery, seen from three quarters behind. Reverse: PRINCIPI I-VVENT SC; Philip in military dress, standing on the left, holding a sphere and a staff. Nice VF. Bronze, 29.5 mm, 18.90 g, 1:00. Cohen 49, RIC.256a. A very beautiful specimen covered in a pretty chestnut green patina. Considerably better than photo, good style very young portrait with nice detail in the hair. Much better than photo.

On sale at: $750.




8614. EXCEPTIONAL PHILIP II ARCHITECTURAL REVERSE, 247-249, AE30 of Zeugma, Commagene, GIC.4142. Laureate bust r./Tetrastyle temple with statue of god within, peribolos containing sacred grove in front, capricorn below. EF. One of the finest examples I've seen with every detail of the temple complex clear and far superior to GIC.3954, the plate coin for the equivalent issue of Philip I (the Philip II issue is not plated).

Not currently for sale.




8203. PHILLIP II, 224-249. AE24 of Deultum, Thrace. /Prow with dolphin superimposed on it. AVF. Scarce.

On sale at: $450.




10397. PHILIP II,

Not currently for sale.




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PACATIAN, c. 248, usurper in Upper Moesia


11274. PACATIAN, 248-249. Antoninianus or double-denarius Viminacium 248-249, AR 4.20 g. Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. Rev. Pax standing l., holding branch and transverse sceptre. C 6. RIC 5. Very rare. Good fine with most of name and legend clear. Ex Rauch sale 73, 2004, 846.

Not currently for sale.




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JOTAPIAN, c. 248, usurper in Syria and Cappadocia


11692. JOTAPIAN. Usurper, circa AD 248-249. AR Antoninianus (22mm, 3.02 g, 12h). Nicopolis in Seleucia mint. IM C M F R IOTAPIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / [VI]CT OR [I A A]V G, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm frond. RIC IV 2b var. (obv. legend); Bland – (unlisted dies); RSC 1b var. (same); NAC 42 (Feirstein Collection), lot 161 (same obv. die). Good VF, darkly toned, usual rough surfaces. Very rare. Provenance: From the Ronald J. Hansen Collection. Ex Gemini VIII (14 April 2011), lot 408.

Jotapian led a short-lived revolt in Syria in the autumn of AD 249 while Philip I was still emperor. Little is known of Jotapian's background. It was said that he boasted of a relationship to Severus Alexander, and his unusual name, although otherwise unknown for a man, is attested in its feminine form "Jotape" in the royal houses of Commagene and Emesa. The extreme rarity of his coins indicates that the revolt was brief, and the crude style proves that the revolt was geographically confined, for Jotapian plainly did not control a major Roman mint. His head was brought to Rome and shown to Trajan Decius "as was customary, although Decius had not asked for it" (Aur. Vict., Caes. 29.4). In his corpus of Jotapian's coins, Bland cites 18 antoniniani in total. On this example, one can clearly view the last letter in the obverse legend, the G of AVG. No dies are recorded by Bland that end with G, only A and AV. This coin and the Feirstein coin (CNG 84, lot 1302), both from the same obverse die, are the only known examples with this legend variety. Commentary courtesy of CNG.

Not currently for sale.




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SILBANNACUS, c. 248-249, usurper in Gaul?



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SPONSIANUS, c. 248? known only from several aurei found in Transylvania 1n 1713 which could be forgeries. Existence uncertain.



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TRAJAN DECIUS, 249-251


9335. TRAJAN DECIUS, 249-251 AD. Gold Aureus, HRIC_, Sear_, RIC 28, SNG ANS 1001-1-22105. Laur. hd. r./VBERITAS AVG, Uberitas stg. facing holding purse and cornucopia. EF. Small smooth areas. Very rare!

SOLD.




8071. TRAJAN DECIUS, 249-251 AD. Gold Aureus. /Traces of solder at 12:00. EF. Scarce.

SOLD.




DOUBLE SESTERTIUS

11833. TRAJAN DECIUS, 249 - 251. Double-sestertius 249-251, AE 46.54 g. IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust r. Rev. FELICITAS SAECVLI S - C Felicitas standing l., holding long caduceus and cornucopiae. C 39. RIC 115. An impressive double-sestertius struck on a medallic flan. A bold portrait of fine style, brown tone with some minor porosity, otherwise extremely fine. Scarce.

Not currently for sale.




DOUBLE SESTERTIUS

9512. TRAJAN DECIUS, 249-251 AD. Double Sestertius, 31.64 gm. HRIC 26($1000-$3000) /Felicitas stg. AVF. Scarce.

On sale at: $1250.




10854. TRAJAN DECIUS, 249-251 AD. AE Sestertius (27mm, 16.74 g, 1h). Rome mint, 3rd officina. 3rd emission, AD 250. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / The two Pannoniae standing facing, each with head turned outward and holding signum. RIC IV 124a. EF, green patina. An excellent sharp fine style portrait of this emperor.

On sale at: $950.




9450. CHOICE LARGE FLAN TRAJAN DECIUS, 249-251. Antoninianus. /Dacia stg. l. with dragon headed staff. EF. Choice nicely toned, well centered example with fine detail on rv.

Not currently for sale.




10389. TRAJAN DECIUS, Antoninianus. EF.

On sale at: $250.




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HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA, wife of Trajan Decius


11244. HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA, wife of Trajan Decius. Augusta, AD 249-251. AE Sestertius (30mm, 13.72 g, 12h). Rome mint. 5th emission of Trajan Decius, early AD 251. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Fecunditas standing left, holding cornucopia and placing hand over child standing right with hands raised. RIC IV 134a (Decius); Banti 3. Good VF, dark gray-brown patina, struck with a worn reverse die. Superb style sharp portrait.

Not currently for sale.




10798. HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA, wife of Trajan Decius. Augusta, 249-251 AD. AE Sestertius (32mm - 19.85 g). Rome mint. HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right / PVDICITIA AVG, SC in exergue, Pudicitia seated left, drawing veil from head with right hand and long transverse scepter in left. RIC IV 136b (Decius); Cohen 22. VF, dark grayish-brown patina. Excellent example of Etruscilla sestertii with larger rounder flan and clearer portrait than most.

On sale at: $1250.




10417. HERRENIA ETRUSCILLA, sestertius, Rome, 250 AD. Obverse: HERENNIA [ETRVSCIL]LA AVG. Bust diademed and draped facing right, torso seen three quarters right. Reverse: PV[DICITIA] AVG S C; Pudacitia (Decency) sitting on the left, holding the edge of her veil and a transverse scepter. VF. AE 28.5 mm, 16.11 g, 12:00. Cohen 22, RIC.136b. Nice chestnut-green patina. Nice portrait and patina.

On sale at: $750.




10413. HERRENIA ETRUSCILLA, 249-251 AD. AR antoninianus 5.64 gm. 22-23 mm. Rome mint. Obverse: HER ETVSCILLA AVG, diademed draped bust right, on crescent. Reverse: PVDICITIA AVG, Pudicitia, veiled, seated left, with right hand drawing veil from face and holding scepter. EF. Scarce!

Not currently for sale.




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HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS, 250-251, son of Trajan Decius


11123. HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS (250-251). Sestertius. Rome mint. Obv: Q HER ETR MES DECIVS NOB C. Draped bust right. Rev: PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS / S - C. Emperor standing left with wand and spear. RIC 171 a. Condition: Very fine. Small pit in obverse field. Weight: 19.8 gm. Diameter: 30 mm. Scarce. An excellent style portrait.

Not currently for sale.




11268. HERRENIUS ETRUSCUS, Antoninianus. As Caesar, AD 249-251. AR Antoninianus (21mm, 4.56 g, 6h). Rome mint. 3rd-4th emission, AD 250. Radiate and draped bust right / Herennius standing left, holding baton and spear. RIC IV 147c (Decius); RSC 26. Good VF, toned. An excellent example with a fine style portrait. Provenance: From the Bruce R. Brace Collection.

Not currently for sale.




10398. HERRENIUS ETRUSCUS, Antoninianus. /Mercury standing left holding caduceus and purse. EF. Much better than photo.

Not currently for sale.




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HOSTILIAN, 250-251, son of Trajan Decius


10180. HOSTILIAN. AD 251. AE Sestertius (28mm, 19.28 g, 6h). Rome mint, 5th officina. 1st emission, AD 251. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Securitas standing facing, head right, legs crossed, placing hand on head, leaning on column. RIC IV 225 (Decius); Banti 15. Good VF, dark green patina, some red on reverse, a couple minor edge splits. Typical square flan.

Not currently for sale.




11269. HOSTILIAN. AD 251. AR Antoninianus (20mm, 3.25 g, 12h). Rome mint. 1st emission of Trebonianus Gallus. Radiate, draped, and cuirrased bust right / Securitas standing right, raising arm above head and leaning on column to right. RIC IV 192; RSC 57. VF, toned. Provenance: From the Bruce R. Brace Collection

Not currently for sale.




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TREBONIANUS GALLUS, 251-253


11399. TREBONIANUS GALLUS. AD 251-253. AE Sestertius (31mm, 23.03 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 1st emission, AD 251. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear; shield at side. RIC IV 120; Banti 29. EF/VF. Provenance: From the Chiltern Collection. Choice portrait.

Not currently for sale.




10158. TREBONIANUS GALLUS. 251-253 AD. AE Sestertius (30mm - 19.35 g). Rome mint. IMP CAES C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. / CONCORDIA AVGG, S-C cross fields, Concordia standing left, holding patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left. RIC IV 105a. VF, greenish-brown patina. Excellent portrait and flan for these. Scarce in this condition.

On sale at: $850.




10196. TREBONIANUS GALLUS. 251-253 AD. CILICIA, Seleucia ad Calycadnum. AE (34mm, 21.28 g, 6h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Draped bust of Sarapis right, vis-ą-vis draped bust of Isis left. SNG France 1054 (same dies); SNG Levante -. Good VF, dark olive and brown patina. Rare. From Collection CR. Ex Auctiones 15 (18 September 1985), lot 347.

Not currently for sale.




VERMEULE PEDIGREE

10135. TREBONIANUS GALLUS AND VOLUSIAN AE 31. Syria, Seleucis and Pieria, Antiochia ad Orontem. Trebonianus Gallus and Volusian, A.D. 251-253 AE 8 Assaria 31mm (17.71 grams). Reference: McAlee 1183; Butcher 504; B.M.C. 656; Price & Trell 677. Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Trebonianus Gallus, on left facing right the radiate, draped and cuirassed bust of Volusian on right facing left. Reverse: Tyche seated left, holding grain ears; at her foot, river-god Orontes swimming left; all within tetrastyle shrine; above shrine, ram leaping right, head left, across field, D(elta)E, in exergue. Provenance: From the collection of Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule III.

On sale at: $950.




9477. TREBONIANUS GALLUS AND VOLUSIAN, AE31 of Antioch. AVTOK K GA TREB GALLOC KAI OVOLOVCCIANOC CEB B Confronting busts. / City goddess in temple, ram above, D-E across upper fields. BMC 656; Sear Greek Imperial 4359. VF. Nice large provincial bronze.

On sale at: $750.




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VOLUSIAN, 251-253, son of Trebonianus Gallus


10168. VOLUSIAN AE Sestertius, RIC251a. 251-3, 26mm, 15.9 g.

On sale at: $450.




10160. VOLUSIAN AE Sestertius, RIC251a. 251-3, 24-26mm, 17.5g. IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right / FELICITAS PVBLICA S-C, Felicitas standing left leaning on column holding caduceus & sceptre. Nice VF. Nice glossy brown patina less green than photo.

Not currently for sale.




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AEMILIAN, 253


10839. AEMILIAN. 253 AD. AR Antoninianus, 21 mm, 4.03 g. Head right. / Mars standing left with spear and palm branch. EF. Removed from NGC slab graded AU50. Rare this nice.

Not currently for sale.




10157. AEMILIAN. 253 AD. AE Sestertius (27mm - 14.54 g). Rome mint. [IMP A]EMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / RO[MAE AETE]RN, S-C across fields, Roma standing left, holding Phoenix on globe in right hand, transverse spear in left hand, left elbow resting on shield set on ground. RIC IV 38. VF, greenish brown patina. Rare as are all Aemilian sestertii.

On sale at: $950.




11432. AEMILIAN, AD 253. AE Sestertius (28mm, 14.54 g, 6h). Rome mint. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Aemilian standing left, holding spear and patera over lighted altar to left; signum between him and altar. RIC IV 47a; Banti 9 var. (obv. legend). VF, mottled dark gray-brown and red patina on obverse, dark gray reverse, light cleaning marks. Rare as are all Aemilian sestertii.

Not currently for sale.




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CORNELIA SUPERA, wife of Aemilian


11209. CORNELIA SUPERA, Augusta, AD 253. Mysia, Parium. AE (21mm, 3.47g, 6h). Obverse: CORNEL SVPERA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane / Reverse: Capricorn right, globe between forelegs, cornucopia behind back, CGIHP in ex. SNG Paris 1519. Near VF. Rare.

On sale at: $2250.




10804. CORNELIA SUPERA, Augusta, AD 253. Mysia, Parium. AE (22mm, 4.16 g, 7h). Draped bust right wearing stephane / Capricorn right, holding globe; cornucopia above. SNG France 1519; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock 7448. Good F. Brown patina, a little porous. Rare.

SOLD.




11356. CORNELIA SUPERA, Augusta, AD 253. Cilicia, Aegeae mint. AE (23mm, 7.38 g, 12h). Diademed and draped bust right, set on crescent / Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder and cornucopia; at feet to right, goat kneeling right, head left. SNG France -; SNG Levante 1790. Good Fine, green patina, some deposits. Seldom seen provincial issue for this empress. Very rare and a superior style portrait. Rare.

Not currently for sale.




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URANIUS ANTONINUS, c. 253-254, usurper in Syria


11275. URANIUS ANTONINUS, 253-254. Bronze, Emesa 253-254, AE 32 mm, 25.21 g. Laureate and cuirassed bust r. Rev. Tetrastyle Temple within which conical stone of Emesa engraved with eagle. Delbrueck, NC 1948, p. 1, 2. BMC 24. SNG Hunterian 3174. Very rare. Brown tone and near very fine. A superior example.

Not currently for sale.




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VALERIAN I, 253-260


11159. VALERIAN I, 253-260. AE Sestertius (28mm, 19.81 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 254-256. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus and cornucopia. RIC V 157; MIR 36, 73h. VF, brown patina. Provenance: Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Rare denomination for Valerian I.

Not currently for sale.




10421. VALERIAN I, 253-260. Sestertius, Rome, 253-255. Obverse: IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG; Laureate bust right, draped and armored, seen from three quarters ahead. Reverse: [CONCORDIA E]XERCIT SC. Harmony standing upright looking left, holding a patera and a double cornucopia. VF. Bronze, 28.0 mm, 13.75 g, 6:00. Cohen 40, RIC. 155. Usual quadrangular flan for this beautiful specimen with a chestnut patina. Rare denomination for Valerian I.

On sale at: $750.




9439. CHOICE LARGE VALERIAN I PORTRAIT, 253-260 AD. AE35 of Seleuceia ad Calycadnum, Cilicia. Obverse: AVT K ΠO ΛIK OVALEPIAN-OC, Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valerian I right. Reverse: CEΛE in one line below busts, VKEWN TWN PROC KAL, VKAD/NW across upper field, on the left the draped bust of Apollo facing right, on the right laureate and draped bust of Artemis-Tyche facing left, cornucopia behind. SNG Levante 786 var. (reverse legend); SNG France 1061-1063. Rare! A choice example of this rare coin. Original weight adjustment marks on flan as made.

Not currently for sale.




10272. VALERIAN I, 253-260. AE30 Korykos, Cilicia 253. SNG Levante Swiss 819. Obverse: Radiate and cuirassed bust right. Reverse: At right Dionysos wearing nebris, holding thyrsus and bunch of grapes over panther. At left there is a prize crown, inscribed OEMIA and placed on a three legged table; the prize crown contains a caduceus, palm branch and aphlaston. Excellent example with fine contrasting patina. Nice thick heavy flan. A handsome coin.

Not currently for sale.




COMMEMORATIVE GAMES ISSUE

10436. VALERIAN I, 253-260. CILICIA, Tarsus. AE (35mm, 19.88 g, 6h). Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Three agonistic urns on set on table. SNG France 1820 (same obv. die); SNG Levante 1185 (same obv. die). Near VF, greenish-brown patina, some surface roughness. These urns were given as prizes in ancient games similar to the Olympic games. A large coin well centered on a nice large flan.

SOLD.




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MARINIANA, wife of Valerian I


11270. MARINIANA, wife of Valerian I (A.D. 253-260), Diva Mariniana. Died before AD 253. Antoninianus (21mm, 3.31 g, 12h). Rome mint. 2nd-3rd emission of Valerian I, AD 255-257. Veiled and draped bust right, set on crescent / Peacock standing facing, head left. RIC V 3; MIR 36, 216b; RSC 3. VF, toned, minor porosity. Provenance: From the Bruce R. Brace Collection.

Not currently for sale.




10313. MARINIANA, wife of Valerian I (A.D. 253-260), silver antoninianus. Obverse: veiled bust of Mariniana, resting on a crescent. Reverse: peacock with its tail fanned out. Mariniana died before her husband Valerian attained the throne, but the Senate dutifully deified her. The peacock, as a symbol of Juno, the mother of the gods, was often used on the coinage of deified empresses, just as the eagle, the bird of Jupiter, father of the gods, symbolized the deification of the emperors. 20 mm, 3.6 grams. Provenance: A California collection purchased March 2001 from a CNG auction, Lot # 1387. It was graded as being in nice Very Fine condition.

SOLD.




10819. MARINIANA, died before AD 253. AE Sestertius (26mm, 15.03 g, 7h). Rome mint. 2nd-3rd emission, AD 254-256. Veiled, diademed, and draped bust right / Peacock standing facing, head left, in full display. RIC V 9 corr. var. (bust on crescent; peacock head right); MIR 36, 212d. Near VF, green patina with earthen highlights. Scarce late Roman sestertius.

On sale at: $650.




11433. MARINIANA. Diva Mariniana. Died before AD 253. AE Sestertius (26mm, 14.64 g, 12h). Rome mint. 1st emission of Valerian and Gallienus, AD 253-254. Diademed, veiled, and draped bust right / Peacock standing facing, head right, in full display. RIC V 9; MIR 36, 213d; Banti 2. VF, dark gray patina, some red, minor flan flaw on upper reverse. Scarce late Roman sestertius.

Not currently for sale.




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GALLIENUS, 253-268


ONE OF ONLY THREE KNOWN

11160. GALLIENUS. AE Medallion (25mm, 4.94 g, 6h). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 254-256. Laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery / Victory standing facing, head right, holding shield set on ground and palm. Gnecchi -; MIR 36, 77w.3 (this coin). VF, brown patina, some roughness. Extremely rare, being one of only three known specimens, at least one of which resides in a museum collection (i.e., Vienna; the other was in the Apostolo Zeno collection, now dispersed). Provenance: Property of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong. Ex Cornelius C. Vermeule III Collection (Classical Numismatic Group 50, 23 June 1999), lot 348; Numismatic Circular (March 1952), no. 2381; Franz Trau Collection (Gilhofer & Ranschburg, 22 May 1935), lot 2944.

On sale at: $1750.




6117. VALERIAN SR. & GALLIENUS. AE38 Medallion of Temenothyrae & Sebaste, Phrygia, in alliance, GIC 4516. Confronting busts of Valerian & Gallienus/Two city goddesses stg. face to face each resting on a scepter, and holding between a statue of Men stg. l. holding pine cone and spear. VF. Rare!

Not currently for sale.




GAMES REVERSE

8619. GALLIENUS, 253-268. AE29 of Side, Pamphylia. BMC._, GIC._. Radiate head r./Agonistic prize urn containing two palm fronds on ceremonial table. VF. A fine example of a very rare coin depicting a prize awarded to the winning athlete in the public games. The design of this urn with its symmetrical notches top and bottom is quite intriguing. If one looks carefully it appears to have figures around the top half including a chariot galloping left. Certainly deserving of further study.

On sale at: $750.




8072. LARGE AE DEPICTING THE GOD PAN, GALLIENUS, AE34 of Perga, Pamphylia. AVT KAI PO LI GALLIHNO CEB, laureate, draped, cuirassed bust right, I before. PERGAIWN, Pan seated left on rock, holding syrinx and pedum. SNG von Aulock 4721-4722 Obv. pits and some deposits but still a very interesting and rare large depiction of Pan.

On sale at: $350.




10181. GALLIENUS, AD 253-268. AE Sestertius (27mm, 13.46 g, 10h). Rome mint. 1st emission, AD 253-254. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Concordia standing left, holding patera and double cornucopia. RIC V 209; MIR 36, 15dd; Banti 12 corr. (bust type). VF, dark brown patina, die break on reverse. Bold portrait. Choice example.

Not currently for sale.




10464. GALLIENUS, 253-268. Antoninianus. Reverse: VBERITAS AVG. EF with full silvering.

Not currently for sale.




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SALONINA, wife of Gallenius, mother of Valerian II, Saloninus, and Marinianus, daughter-in-law of Valerian I and Mariniana


11400. SALONINA, wife of Gallienus. Augusta, AD 254-268. AE Sestertius (25mm, 15.09 g, 6h). Rome mint. 1st-4th emissions of Valerian I and Gallienus, AD 254-257. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter. RIC V 46; MIR 36, 228d1; Banti 11. Good VF, brown patina. Choice portrait for these. Sestertii of Salonina are rare, especially in this condition..

Not currently for sale.




11420. SALONINA, wife of Gallienus. Augusta, AD 254-268. AE Sestertius (31mm, 17.44 g, 12h). Rome mint, 4th officina. 4th-5th emissions of Valerian I and Gallienus, AD 257. Draped bust right, wearing stephane / Vesta stading left, holding patera and scepter; Cupid at feet to left, Q in exergue. RIC V 48; MIR 36, 241d; Banti 20. VF, green patina, fields smoothed. Rare. Provenance: Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection. All sestertii of Salonina are rare.

Not currently for sale.




10799. SALONINA, wife of Gallienus. Augusta, 254-268 AD. AE Sestertius (28mm - 12.11 g). Rome mint. CORNELIA [SALONINA AVG], draped bust right, wearing stephane / [VENVS GENE]TRIX, S C across field, Venus standing left, holding apple in extended right hand, scepter in left; at feet to left, Cupid standing right, raising hands. RIC V 48 var.; MIR 36, 236d. Near VF, brown patina, usual small squarish flan. Sestertii of Salonina are rare.

On sale at: $450.




GAMES REVERSE

8621. SALONINA, wife of Gallienus. AE33 medallion? of Syedra, Cilicia. SNG Cop.254, BMC.22, GIC._. Her bust r./Large agonistic prize urn flanked by palm fronds, 3 cups above. F/AVF. A fine example of a very rare coin depicting a prize awarded to the winning athlete in the public games.

On sale at: $750.




10284. SALONINA, wife of Gallienus, PAMPHYLIA. Perga. Augusta, 254-268 AD. AE10 Assaria (30mm - 18.75 g). Diademed and draped bust right, crescent at shoulder / Hermes and Herakles standing left, Hermes holding a caduceus, Herakles resting on club; vexillum between them. SNG France 590 (same dies). VF, grayish-brown patina with some highlights.

On sale at: $250.




10385. SALONINA, Antoninianus. EF, nearly fully silvered. Better than photo.

Not currently for sale.




10386. SALONINA, Antoninianus. VF, fully silvered. Much better than photo with silver, not reddish patina. Centered on broad flan with all letters of legend sharp and clear.

On sale at: $125.




10838. SALONINA, AR Antoninianus, 21 mm, 4.36 g. VF. Good metal.

On sale at: $250.




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VALERIAN II, 256-258, son of Gallienus


11294. DIVUS VALERIAN II (256-258). AE Sestertius (28mm, 18.13 g, 6h). Rome mint. Bareheaded, draped and cuirassed bust right / Funeral pyre surmounted by biga. RIC IV 35; MIR 36, 264r; Banti 3. Fine, green patina, smoothing and cleaning scratches in obverse fields, reverse a bit rough. Scarce. Provenance: From the Nera Collection. Scarce.

Not currently for sale.




10875. VALERIAN II (256-258). Antoninianus. Colonia Agrippina (Cologne mint). Obv: VALERIANVS CAES. Draped, radiate bust right. Rev: IOVI CRESCENTI. Infant Jupiter riding the goat Amalthea. MIR 907e. Condition: Very fine. Weight: 3.9 gm. Diameter: 23 mm. Scarce.

Not currently for sale.




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SALONINUS, 258-260, son of Gallienus


11421. SALONINUS, As Caesar, AD 258-260. AE As (22mm, 5.24 g, 6h). Rome mint. Bareheaded and draped bust right / Saloninus standing left, holding globe and scepter; captive at feet to left. RIC IV 34; MIR 36, 272u. Near VF, dark green, almost black, patina, light roughness. Very rare. Provenance: Ex Robert O. Ebert Collection; Ex Leopold G. P. Messenger Collection (Glendining's, 21 November 1951), lot 405.

Not currently for sale.




11202. SALONINUS, 258-260. Antoninianus, Samosata, Antioch mint. Saloninus 46. Reverse: Spes Publica. Near EF.

Not currently for sale.




10469. SALONINUS, 258-260. Antoninianus. Reverse: VF with most of silvering. Significantly better than photo.

On sale at: $150.




10470. SALONINUS, 258-260. Antoninianus. Reverse: VF with most of silvering.

On sale at: $150.




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MARINIANUS (Publius Licinius Egnatius Marinianus), -268, third son of Gallienus and Salonina


11203. SALONINA WITH VALERIAN II, SALONINUS, AND MARINIANUS, 258-260. Antoninianus, RIC 35, Vagi 2337. Obv: Diademed draped bust of Salonina right on crescent / Rev: Salonina as Pietas seated left, holding scepter, her three children at her feet, Valerian II and Saloninus to the left and the younger Marinianus before her chair. Nice reverse with all three children clear.

Marinianus was the third and youngest son of Gallienus and Salonina. After the death of his two elder brothers Valerian II and Saloninus he was appointed Consul in early 268 and was successor to the throne. However shortly after his father Gallienus' murder he was killed along with many of his father's supporters in Autumn of 268 probably by order of the Senate.

Not currently for sale.




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REGALIANUS, c. 260, usurper in Pannonia



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DRYANTILLA, wife of Regalianus



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MACRIANUS JUNIOR, c. 260-261, usurper in the East


11447. MACRIANUS JR., 260-261 AD. AR Antoninianus, Antioch, AD 260-261. adiate and cuirassed bust right / Sol standing left, raising right hand and holding globe in left; star in right field. RIC 12. 4.30g, 22mm, 12h. Good Very Fine. Very Rare. Very well struck and centered on a large full flan, with an exceptional portrait of this rare usurper. Seldom found this nice!

Not currently for sale.




10790. MACRIANUS, 260-261 AD. AR Antoninianus, RIC.14. Obv: Radiate cuir bust of Macrianus r. / Rev: Victory advancing r, holding wreath aloft and palm over her shoulder. 3.63gm, 21mm. VF, considerable silvering with nice deep gray toning. Very well struck, with a great portrait of this rare usurper. Seldom found this nice and much better than the fuzzy photo! A choice example.

On sale at: $750.




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QUIETUS, c. 260-261, usurper in the East


10766. QUIETUS. Usurper, AD 260-261. AR Antoninianus (21mm, 4.78 g, 6h). Samosata mint. 2nd emission. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe; star to left. RIC V 10; MIR 44, 1741n; RSC 12a. Good VF, dark brown patina. Scarce. About as good as Quietus' coins come well centered on a large medallic flan.

Not currently for sale.




10754. QUIETUS. Usurper, AD 260-261. Antoninianus (22mm, 3.48 g, 11h). Samosata mint. 1st emission, AD 260-261. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind / Roma seated left, holding Victory and scepter. RIC V 9; MIR 44, 1738f; RSC 11. VF. Scarce.

On sale at: $350.




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AUREOLUS, 267-268, rebel in Milan


11438. AUREOLUS (in the name of Postumus). Romano-Gallic Emperor, AD 260-269. AE Antoninianus, struck by Aureolus, rebel in Milan, in the name of Postumus, c. 268AD, 20mm, 2.3g. IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust of Aureolus right / SALVS AVG, Aesclepius standing facing, head left, leaning on serpent-entwined staff. P = Milan in emerge. RIC382 Super bust for Aureolus issues. Coins of Aureolus can be distinguished from others of Postumus by having mint letters in the exergue. A much superior example to most with good flan and portrait. Scarce. Though some argue otherwise I think the bust on coins of Aureolus is actually that of Aureolus as it is clearly not the likeness of Postumus though of course the hair and beard styles are both that of the period.

Aureolus was an extraordinarily capable general who served under Valerian and Gallienus. Around AD 258, Gallienus stationed a new cavalry unit at Mediolanum that was to serve as a quick reaction force against any new invasions along the frontier of the central empire. Aureolus was given command of this unit. In AD 260-261 his forces defeated the armies of the usurpers Ingenuus and Macrianus, and recovered the province of Raetia. Following these victories, Gallienus and Aureolus led a Roman army against the breakaway Gallic provinces under Postumus. Gallienus was forced to leave the field after being injured in battle, and left the campaign in the hands of Aureolus. Aureolus ended the campaign shortly thereafter, and while the reason is uncertain, the historical record suggests it was due to either his incompetence or else treachery (he had come to a secret agreement with Postumus). While the former seems unlikely, given Aureolus’ record, the latter is possible, as there are indications that he had been preparing for a revolt as early as AD 262. Regardless, at some point in AD 267, Aureolus revolted and established his base at Mediolanum, where Gallienus besieged him in AD 268. The details of the revolt are unclear, but it appears that Aureolus first appealed to Postumus for aid, and, failing to gain the Gallic Emperor’s support, declared himself emperor. About the same time, Gallienus was murdered, and was succeeded by Claudius II Gothicus, who continued to beseige Mediolanum. Soon, though, it appeared that an agreement was reached, and Aureolus emerged from the city to meet Claudius. Any such concord, however, was simply a ruse, as Aureolus was taken into custody and executed. Commentary courtesy CNG.

Not currently for sale.




10756. AUREOLUS (in the name of Postumus). Romano-Gallic Emperor, AD 260-269. Antoninianus (19mm, 3.78 g, 11h). Struck under Aureolus. Mediolanum (Milan) mint, 3rd officina. 3rd emission, AD 268. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Aureolus right / Virtus advancing right, holding spear and shield; T. RIC V 388; Mairat 224-5; AGK 111b; RSC 441. Good VF, brown patina. Coins of Aureolus can be distinguished from others of Postumus by having mint letters in the exergue. A much superior example to most with good flan and portrait. Scarce. Though some argue otherwise I think the bust on coins of Aureolus is actually that of Aureolus as it is clearly not the likeness of Postumus though of course the hair and beard styles are both that of the period.

Aureolus was an extraordinarily capable general who served under Valerian and Gallienus. Around AD 258, Gallienus stationed a new cavalry unit at Mediolanum that was to serve as a quick reaction force against any new invasions along the frontier of the central empire. Aureolus was given command of this unit. In AD 260-261 his forces defeated the armies of the usurpers Ingenuus and Macrianus, and recovered the province of Raetia. Following these victories, Gallienus and Aureolus led a Roman army against the breakaway Gallic provinces under Postumus. Gallienus was forced to leave the field after being injured in battle, and left the campaign in the hands of Aureolus. Aureolus ended the campaign shortly thereafter, and while the reason is uncertain, the historical record suggests it was due to either his incompetence or else treachery (he had come to a secret agreement with Postumus). While the former seems unlikely, given Aureolus’ record, the latter is possible, as there are indications that he had been preparing for a revolt as early as AD 262. Regardless, at some point in AD 267, Aureolus revolted and established his base at Mediolanum, where Gallienus besieged him in AD 268. The details of the revolt are unclear, but it appears that Aureolus first appealed to Postumus for aid, and, failing to gain the Gallic Emperor’s support, declared himself emperor. About the same time, Gallienus was murdered, and was succeeded by Claudius II Gothicus, who continued to beseige Mediolanum. Soon, though, it appeared that an agreement was reached, and Aureolus emerged from the city to meet Claudius. Any such concord, however, was simply a ruse, as Aureolus was taken into custody and executed. Commentary courtesy CNG.

Not currently for sale.




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CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS, 268-270


EIGHT AUREUS GOLD MEDALLION

7100. CLAUDIUS II, GOTHICUS, 268-270. 8 Aurei weight Gold Medallion of 268 AD, Mediolanum (Milan) mint. 38 mm, 38.11 gm. RIC 1(Roma), C_, Cf. Gnecchi pl. 3, 8 (5 aurei), Huvelin et Lafaurie, Tresor d'un navire romaine, pl. 13, 21 (these dies). Cuirassed bust r./CONCORDIA EXERCITVS, Concordia stg. facing, hd. r. holding two legionary standards. VF. Extremely rare, only 15-20 specimens known. Most of the surviving examples come from the wreck of a Roman ship found in the Western Mediterranean several decades ago. Ex. Numismatica Ars Classica. One of the largest Roman gold coins ever minted and a magnificent gold piece worthy of the finest collection. Comes with Certificate of Authenticity from David Sear.

SOLD.




9513. CLAUDIUS II, 268-270 AD, AE32 of Sagalassus, Psidia, Copenhagen 222. /Large lion stg. l. holding spear in mouth. VF. An interesting type. Somewhat better than photo.

On sale at: $450.




CORNELIUS VERMEULE PEDIGREE

10136. CLAUDIUS II LARGE BRONZE, 268-270 AD. PSIDIA. Sagalassus. Claudius II Gothicus, A.D. 268-270 A.D. AE Decassarion 32mm (15.39 grams). Reference: SNG BN-; SNG von Aulock -; Howgego 335. Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Claudius II right; in right field, denominational mark (I); c/m: eagle standing facing, head left, holding wreath in beak within circular incuse. Reverse: Emperor (as Alexander the Great) on horseback charging right, raising spear to strike enemy standing to right before him with arm raised in defense and holding spear. Provenance: Ex. Cornelius Vermeule collection. The exact type exists for Claudius II but with the sole addition of the figure of Zeus watching over the reverse scene (e.g., SNG BN 1853). There, the figure on horseback is identified as Alexander the Great. Perhaps the equestrian figure on this coin should also be interpreted as representing Alexander, or more probably Claudius II in the guise of Alexander.

SOLD.




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QUINTILLUS, 270


10380. QUINTILLUS, AE19 antoninianus. Strong VF. Bold fine style portrait.

On sale at: $150.




10381. QUINTILLUS, AE18x22. EF.

Not currently for sale.




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AURELIAN, 270-275


10857. AURELIAN, 270-275. As. Rome mint. Obv: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG. Laureate, cuirassed bust right. Rev: CONCOR-DI-A AVG / D. Severina, wearing long dress and mantle, standing r. and clasping hands with Aurelianus, in military attire and spear standing l.; between them, radiate and draped bust of Sol. RIC 80; C. 35; BN 303. Good VF. Weight: 8.6 gm. Diameter: 27 mm. Excellent example for these.

Not currently for sale.




10425. AURELIAN, 270-275. AE Antoninianus. Obverse: IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG - Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian. Reverse: CONCORDIA MILITVM - Aurelian clasping hands with Concordia. XXIQ in ex. (Siscia mint). Date: 286-305 AD. Diameter: 22.3 mm. Weight: 3.6 gr. References: RIC 244. EF. Choice sharp example.

Not currently for sale.




10462. AURELIAN, 270-275. AE Antoninianus. Obverse: IMP AVRELIANVS AVG - Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian. Reverse: Fortuna seated with cornucopia, wheel below; star T in exergue. VF.

On sale at: $150.




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SEVERINA, wife of Aurelian


11210. SEVERINA, wife of Aurelian. Augusta, AD 270-275. AE As (26mm, 7.72 g, 6h). Rome mint, 6th officina. 11th emission of Aurelian, early-September AD 275. Diademed and draped bust right / Juno standing facing, head left, holding patera and scepter; at feet to left, peacock standing left, head right; c in emerge. RIC V 7; BN 310-3. Good VF, green patina.

Not currently for sale.




10270. SEVERINA, wife of Aurelian. AE reduced sestertius or As. Rome, emission 11, January-September AD 275. SEVERINA AVG, diademed, draped bust of Severina right / IVNO REGINA, Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter, peacock before, officina mark in exergue. CBN 310. RIC 7. RCTV 1711. Rare. Condition: VF, beautiful green patina. Nice example significantly better than photo in the hand.

On sale at: $350.




8623. SEVERINA, wife of Aurelian. Antoninianus, BL mint, Sear 3184v (List $100-$300). /Concordia std. l. BL mint is quite rare. EF. Remains of silvering. Excellent example.

Not currently for sale.




10387. SEVERINA, Antoninianus. EF.

Not currently for sale.




10388. SEVERINA, Antoninianus. VF. Nice coin perfectly centered on both sides with full legends. Nice style portrait.

On sale at: $150.




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THE INTERREGNUM


11295. INTERREGNUM. Anonymous issues. Time of Gallienus, circa AD 268? or time of Severina after the murder of her husband Aurelian under sole rule by either Severina or by the Senate with Severina as figurehead? AE Double Sestertius (30mm, 17.25 g, 11h). Rome mint. GENIVS P R, radiate head of the Genius of the Roman people right, wearing mural crown / Large S C; INT above, VRB below; all within wreath. RIC V 2 (Interregnum; sestertius); MIR 36, 702h; D. Yonge, "The So-Called Interregnum Coinage," NC (1979), p. 58, 22-3 var. (dies I/-). Near VF, green patina, minor roughness. Scarce. Provenance: From the Nera Collection.

Traditionally these rare issues were assigned to a 6 month interregnum between the murder of Aurelian and the assumption of Tacitus. The evidence for this is that the Historia Augusta mentions the Senate ruled during this period and these coins are marked SC indicating they were issued by the decree of the Senate. However there are two other views as well.

NAC states that: "The numismatic evidence uniformly supports the idea that Severina was hailed Augusta in 274, as all of her imperial coinage is of the type issued after Aurelian's monetary reform, which is thought to have occurred in the early months of 274. Furthermore, her coinage at Alexandria is limited to Aurelian's years six and seven, thus to 274 and 275. The most difficult element of the numismatic evidence occurs in the period of Aurelian's murder in October or November, 275. The Historia Augusta provides an elaborate framework for this period, which includes a senate-ruled interregnum of perhaps six months between the murder of Aurelian and the assumption of power by his successor, Tacitus. The notion of a rise in senatorial authority over the army at this moment in history has long been discarded as wishful thinking or revisionist thinking by the author of The Historia Augusta, but it is possible there was a period of sole rule by Severina after the death of her husband. Close study of the coinages of all mints, and especially those of Antioch and Alexandria, suggest a larger volume of coinage was struck in the name of Severina than Aurelian just prior to the commencement of coinage for Tacitus. If we assume that analysis is correct, there would be no good explanation other than coinage was being struck solely in the name of Severina after her husband's murder. However, much about the coinage of this period remains to be sorted and we can only entertain this as a possibility. If true, it is probably best to regard her sole-reign as a carry-over period in a moment of transition rather than a senate-sponsored interregnum of the kind described in The Historia Augusta."

The other view is given by CNG as follows: "The reassignment of this peculiar issue to the end of the reign of Gallienus as opposed to the traditional placement during the interregnum between the death of Aurelian and the elevation of Tacitus has been convincingly argued by David Yonge. He bases his determination on flan manufacture, portrait style, and a comparative analysis of mid-third century Roman monetary denominations, and suggests that this issue was probably a commemorative issue in anticipation of Gallienus' entry into Rome after his victories over the Herulians and Goths at Naissus."

Not currently for sale.




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TACITUS, 275-276


10377. TACITUS, AE21. EF.

Not currently for sale.




10378. TACITUS, AE22. EF.

Not currently for sale.




10379. TACITUS, AE22 antoninianus. EF. Near full silvering, well centered with complete sharp legends. Much better than photo.

On sale at: $125.




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FLORIAN, 276


10298. FLORIAN, AD 276. Antoninianus (25mm, 3.91 g, 12h). Cyzicus mint, 1st officina. 1st emission, AD 276. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory standing right, holding palm, presenting wreath to Florian standing left, holding scepter; S. RIC V 116; BN 1978. VF, green patina. Choice example with a huge medallic flan.

Not currently for sale.




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PROBUS, 276-282


8622. PROBUS, 276-282 Antoninianus, HRIC.59. His radiate bust r./VIRTI PROBI AVG, Mars walking r. carrying spear and trophy. EF. Choice example.

Not currently for sale.




10399. PROBUS,

Not currently for sale.




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SATURNINUS, c. 280, usurper in Syria



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BONOSUS, c. 280, usurper in Cologne



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PROCULUS, c. 280-281, only a single antoninianus known sold at Munzen und Medaillen Auction 8, October 1994, lot 640



11418. PROCULUS, AD 282-283. Modern fantasy Medallion (24mm, 10 g, 12h). PROCVLVS AVG laureate bust left / VICTORIA AVG Victoria with wreath advancing right.

Since I'll never own a genuine Proculus I'll settle for this instead.

Not currently for sale.




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CARUS, 282-283


10299. CARUS, AD 282-283. Antoninianus (20mm, 3.79 g, 12h). Antioch mint, 7th officina. 1st emission, AD 282. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Emperor standing right, holding parazonium, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter. RIC V 124; Pink VI/2, p. 55. Good VF, brown surfaces. Ex. CNG. From the J.S. Wagner Collection.

Not currently for sale.




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NUMERIAN, 282-284


10300. NUMERIAN, As Caesar, AD 282-283. Antoninianus (19mm, 3.07 g, 6h). Antioch mint, 3rd officina. 1st emission, AD 282. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Emperor standing right, holding parazonium, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding scepter. RIC V 376; Pink VI/2, p. 55. EF. Ex. CNG. From the J.S. Wagner Collection.

Not currently for sale.




10373. NUMERIAN. Antoninianus, RIC V-2, 372. Obverse: NVMERIANVS NOB CAES; radiate and draped bust right. Reverse: CLEMENTIA.TEMP; Victory supported by emperor holding scepter and Jove holding staff; XXI in exergue. EF, most of silvering present and considerably better than photo. An interesting legend with the A's rendered as H's. Apparently an engraver's error.

Not currently for sale.




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CARINUS, 282-285


10876. CARINUS (282-283). Antoninianus. Antioch mint. Obv: IMP C CARINVS PF AVG. Radiate bust with cuirass right. Rev: VIRTVS AVGG. The two emperors holding spear, Victory and globe. RIC -. Obv. 326, Rev 325. Condition: Extremely fine. Weight: 3.7 gm. Diameter: 21 mm. Choice sharp well centered example with everything clear.

Not currently for sale.




10372. CARINUS, 282-285. EF and much better than photo in the hand. Nearly full silvering. Full legends.

On sale at: $250.




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MAGNIA URBICA, wife of Carinus


10859. MAGNIA URBICA, Rome, 283-4 AD. Antoninianus, 3.96g. RIC-343(S), C-17 (10 Fr.), Venera 4130-7 (8 spec.). Obv: MAGN VRBICA AVG Bust draped r. on crescent, wearing stephane. Rx: VENVS VICTRIX Venus standing l. holding helmet and scepter, shield at her feet, in exergue KA(pellet over crescent)S.Some porosity, especially on the reverse. VF / Fine. An excellent portrait much superior to most for this scarce empress.

Not currently for sale.




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NIGRINIAN, son of Carinus


HEROIC BUST

10821. NIGRINIAN, died circa AD 284. Antoninianus (21mm, 3.49 g, 6h). Rome mint, 1st officina. 5th emission, November AD 284. Radiate, half-length bust right / Eagle standing facing, head left, with wings spread; [KAA]. RIC V 472; Pink VI/2, p. 9. Good VF, dark brown, almost black, patina, some smoothing in reverse fields. Rare. With a wonderful sensitive nude torso length portrait, by far the better of the two bust styles for Nigrinian. An exceptionally well struck example with the entire legend sharp and clear.

On sale at: $5500.




11331. NIGRINIAN, died circa AD 284. Divus Nigrinian. Antoninianus (22mm, 3.93 g, 11h). Rome mint, 1st officina. 5th emission of Carinus, November AD 284. Radiate half-length bust right / Eagle standing facing, head left, with wings spread; KAA. RIC V 472; Pink VI/2, p. 9. Good VF, dark green patina. Rare. With a wonderful sensitive nude torso length portrait, by far the better of the two bust styles for Nigrinian.

Not currently for sale.




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JULIAN I, c. 284-285, usurper in Pannonia


11126. JULIAN OF PANNONIA. Usurper, AD 284-285. Antoninianus (21mm, 4.24 g, 1h). Siscia mint, 3rd officina. Struck December AD 284. IMP C M AVR IVLIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / PAN NONIA E AVG, the two Pannoniae standing facing, each with heads turned outward and left arm outstretched, that on the left holding signum; S//XXIΓ. RIC V 4; Cohen 6; Venera 4399. EF, dark brown patina. Rare. A choice sharp detailed example as good as they come. Provenance: Triton XV, Collection of Princeton Economics acquired by Martin Armstrong.

Marcus Aurelius Sabinus Iulianus, was a corrector in Northern Italy under Carus. In AD 284, during the struggles surrounding the succession between Carinus and Diocletian, Julian usurped imperial authority in Pannonia for a brief period and began issuing coins from Siscia. Carinus marched from his base in Britain to deal with the usurpation, dispatching Julianus early in AD 285 near Verona. Commentary courtesy of CNG.

Not currently for sale.




10822. JULIAN OF PANNONIA. Usurper, AD 284-285. Antoninianus (22mm, 4.23 g, 1h). Siscia mint, 3rd officina. Struck December AD 284. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / The two Pannoniae standing facing, each with heads turned outward and left arm outstretched, the latter holding signum; S//XXIΓ. RIC V 4; VenŹra 4399. Near VF, dark brown patina. Rare.

Marcus Aurelius Sabinus Iulianus, was a corrector in Northern Italy under Carus. In AD 284, during the struggles surrounding the succession between Carinus and Diocletian, Julian usurped imperial authority in Pannonia for a brief period and began issuing coins from Siscia. Carinus marched from his base in Britain to deal with the usurpation, dispatching Julianus early in AD 285 near Verona.

On sale at: $6500.





THE SECESSIONIST EMPIRES:
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POSTUMUS, IN GAUL, 260-269


11834. POSTUMUS, 259 - 268. Double sestertius, Lugdunum circa 261, AE 29.06 g. Radiate and draped bust right. Rev. Fides standing left holding two ensigns. Cohen 74. RIC 123. Brown tone and very fine. Ex CNG sale 73, 2003, 1515. Struck on a large medallic flan. Choice fine style portrait for these scarce late large Roman bronzes.

Not currently for sale.




7697. POSTUMUS, 259-268. Double sestertius of Lugdunum. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Virtus standing left, holding globe and scepter. Near VF. Nice portrait for these scarce late large Roman bronzes.

On sale at: $1250




10403. POSTUMUS, antoninianus. Fully silvered EF. Bold fine style portrait and sharp reverse. Considerably better than photo.

On sale at: $150.




10404. POSTUMUS, antoninianus. Fully silvered EF. Bold fine style portrait and sharp reverse. Considerably better than photo. Minor deposits on reverse.

On sale at: $75.




10405. POSTUMUS,

Not currently for sale.




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MARIUS, IN GAUL, 268


10783. MARIUS. 268 AD. Antoninianus (20mm - 2.93 g). Trier mint. 1st emission, 269 AD. IMP C MARIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right / CONCORD MILIT, clasped hands. RIC V 6; Mairat 232-4; AGK 1b. EF, dark brown patina. A choice example of this scarce usurper with one of the sharpest, finest styled portraits I've seen and with full clear obverse legend with his name on the flan which is unusual.

Not currently for sale.




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LAELIANUS, IN GAUL, 269


11207. LAELIANUS, Romano-Gallic Usurper, AD 269. Antoninianus (21mm, 2.45 g, 7h). Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint. 2nd emission. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing right, holding palm frond and wreath. RIC V 9; Gilljam dies III/12; Mairat -; AGK 1b. Good VF, dark brown patina. Superb fine style portrait much superior to most.

Not currently for sale.




11038. LAELIANUS, Romano-Gallic Usurper, AD 269. Antoninianus (19mm, 3.80 g, 6h). Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint. 3rd emission. Radiate and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm. RIC V 9; AGK 1c. Near VF, toned, slightly porous surfaces.

On sale at: $1750.




10820. LAELIANUS, Romano-Gallic Usurper, AD 269. Antoninianus (20mm, 2.80 g, 7h). Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint. 3rd emission. Radiate and cuirassed bust right / Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm. RIC V 9; AGK 1c. Near VF, gray-brown patina, a bit rough. Rare.

On sale at: $1450.




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DOMITIANUS, usurper in Britain, ruled only 4 days in 271. Only two antoniniani known. Also known from ancient texts.



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VICTORINUS, IN GAUL, 269-271


10292. VICTORINUS, AD 268 - 270 AE Antoninianus. Obv: IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG, radiate, draped, cuirassed bust right. Rev: INV-I-CTVS, Sol walking , holding whip, right hand raised, star in left field. RIC V-2 Cologne 114; C 49, Elmer 683; Sear 11170. Diam. 18,40 - 22.37 mm. Weight 2.72 gr. Near EF portrait.

Not currently for sale.




10392. VICTORINUS, Antoninianus. Bold sharp EF portrait.

SOLD.




10393. VICTORINUS,

Not currently for sale.




10394. VICTORINUS, Antoninianus. Bold sharp EF portrait. Better than photo. All legends and reverse clear also.

On sale at: $95.




10395. VICTORINUS,

Not currently for sale.




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TETRICUS I, IN GAUL, 271-274


10383. TETRICUS I, EF.

Not currently for sale.




10384. TETRICUS I, EF, better than photo with sharp clear name.

On sale at: $75.




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TETRICUS II, IN GAUL, 273-274 (son of Tetricus I)


10382. TETRICUS II,

Not currently for sale.




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VABALATHUS, IN PALMYRA, C. 266-272


11021. VABALATHUS WITH AURELIAN, AD 270-275. Antoninianus (21mm, 3.88 g, 6h). Antioch mint, 5th officina. 1st emission, November AD 270-March AD 272. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, seen from behind / Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right; E below. RIC V 381; BN 1248-51. Good VF, dark grayish-green patina under a layer of earthen deposits. Choice example with a sharp clear portrait of Vabalathus.

Not currently for sale.




10390. VABALATHUS WITH AURELIAN, AD 270-275. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, seen from behind / Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right. Scarce. Struck by Vabalathus in an futile attempt to legitimatize his rule with the emperor Aurelian. Near EF. Better than usual example and significantly better than photo.

On sale at: $350.




10391. VABALATHUS WITH AURELIAN, AD 270-275. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust of Vabalathus right, seen from behind / Radiate and cuirassed bust of Aurelian right. Scarce. Struck by Vabalathus in an futile attempt to legitimatize his rule with the emperor Aurelian. Near EF. Better than usual example and significantly better than photo.

On sale at: $350.




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ZENOBIA, 268-272, (mother of Vabalathus)


11435. ZENOBIA in Syria, 268-272. Alexandria, Egypt mint. Tetradrachm year 5 (= 272). 8.05 g. CEPTIMIA ZHNOBIA CEB, bust with Stephane left / Elpis standing holding flower. Dattari 5511, Geissen 3065. Dark brown patina. Good fine with porosity. Very rare.

Not currently for sale.




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CARAUSIUS, IN BRITAIN, 287-293


10794. CARAUSIUS, Romano-British Emperor, AD 286-293. Antoninianus (2mm, 4.32 g, 6h). Uncertain mint. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder. RIC V 822 var. (obv. legend). Good VF. An excellent example with sharp fine style bust and complete legend on a better flan than usual.

Not currently for sale.




10301. CARAUSIUS, Romano-British Emperor, AD 286-293. Antoninianus (21mm, 3.64 g, 7h). 'C' mint. Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / TEN[P]sic FELIC, Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus and cornucopia; C. RIC V 418 var. (TEMP FELICIT). Near VF. Ex. CNG electronic auction 243 where it fetched $393. From the J.S. Wagner Collection.

On sale at: $350.




10473. CARAUSIUS, Romano-British Emperor, AD 286-293. Antoninianus. Obverse: IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, Radiate bust of Carausius right. Reverse: PAX AVG, Pax standing left, holding branch and vertical sceptre, F O in field, ML (mint) in exergue. This coin was found in Germany. It weighs 3.2 grams and is 22 millimeters wide at its widest point. Nice dark brown patina. Exceptionally regular and well centered flan for Carausius. Near VF.

On sale at: $150.




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ALLECTUS, IN BRITAIN, 293-296


11148. ALLECTUS, Romano-British Emperor, AD 293-296. Antoninianus (22mm, 3.82 g, 6h). "C" mint. Radiate and cuirassed bust right / Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter; S-P//C. RIC V 105. Near EF, green and black patina, choice portrait. Provenance: Ex Numismatic Fine Arts Summer MBS (27 June 1986), 1060.

Not currently for sale.




CHOICE GALLEY REVERSE

11039. ALLECTUS, Romano-British Emperor, AD 293-296. AE Quinarius (19mm, 2.37 g, 11h). London mint. Radiate and cuirassed bust right / Galley rowing left; QL. RIC V 55; Burnett, Coinage 111. VF, dark green patina. Excellent sharp reverse. Choice galley type.

On sale at: $1250.




10408. ALLECTUS, Romano-British Emperor, AD 293-296. Antoninianus. / PAX AVG. VF.

On sale at: $350.